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Chapter 7

Medical Terminology

Word elements medical terms are made up of parts
Prefixes placed at the beginning of a word
Roots placed in the middle of a word
Suffixes placed at the end of a word
Poly many, much
Angi Vessel
Hydr water
Hydra Bladder
hyster uterus
nephr kidney
itis inflammation
RUQ right upper quadrant
RLQ right lower quadrant
LUQ left upper quadrant
LLQ left lower quadrant
Anterior Front of the body
Distal Farthest away from the body
Lateral Side of the body
Medial Midline of the body
Posterior Back of the body
Proximal nearest to the body
abd abdomen
ac before meals
ADL activities of daily living
A.M morning care
amb ambulatory
amt amount
bid twice a day
BM bowel movement
BP blood pressure
BRP bathroom privileges
CA cancer
cath catheter
cc cubic centimetre
CO2 carbon dioxide
d/c discontinue
DOA dead on arrival
DON director of nursing
drsg dressing
FBS fasting blood sugar
fl fluid
GI gastrointestinal
hr hour
H2O water
hs hour of sleep
I intake and output
liq liquid
min minutes
NPO nothing by mouth
O2 oxygen
oz ounce
pc after meals
P.M afternoon care
prn as needed, as necessary
pt patient
PT physiotherapy
qd every day
qh every hour
q2h every two hours
q3h every three hours
q4h every four hours
qhs every night at bedtime
qod e every other day
SOB shortness of breath
tid three times a day
w/c wheelchair
T.I.A Trans Ischemic Attack
A.B.I Acquired Brain Injury
PPE Personal Protective Equipment
UTI Urinary Tract Infection
C-Diff Clostridium diffusible
ESBL Extended spectrum beta lactamase
ROM Range of motion
VS Vital signs
TPR Temperature, Pulse, and Respirations
IV Intravenous
NG Naso-gastric
po by mouth
qid Four times a day
SI Sub Lingually
pr Prefer rectum
Created by: mackenziemarie21