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Chapter 12

social studies

TermDefinition
Manifest Destiny the 19th-century doctrine or belief that the expansion of the US throughout the American continents was both justified and inevitable.
Mountain Men A mountain man is a trapper and explorer who lives in the wilderness. Mountain men were most common in the North American Rocky Mountains from about 1810 through the 1880s (with a peak population in the early 1840s).
Rendezvous a meeting at an agreed time and place, typically between two people.
Emigrants a person who leaves their own country in order to settle permanently in another.
Oregon Trail Oregon Trail. a route used during the U.S. westward migrations, especially in the period from 1840 to 1860, starting in Missouri and ending in Oregon.
Stephen F. Austin He Recuited people to move to Texas
Tejanos a Mexican-American inhabitant of southern Texas.
Alamo a Franciscan mission in San Antonio, Texas, besieged by Mexicans on February 23, 1836, during the Texan war for independence and taken on March 6, 1836, with its entire garrison killed.
Sam Houston United States politician and military leader who fought to gain independence for Texas from Mexico and to make it a part of the United States (1793-1863)
Annex To take control of something
Battle of San Jancinto fought on April 21, 1836, in present-day Harris County, Texas, was the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution. Led by General Sam Houston,
John C. Fremont Frémont. John Charles, 1813–90, U.S. general and explorer: first Republican presidential candidate, 1856.
Rancheros a person who farms or works on a ranch, esp. in the southwestern US and Mexico.
Rancho A piece of farm land
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty recognizing Texas as its own republic
Mexican Cession The Mexican Cession of 1848 is a historical name in the United States in the region of the present day southwestern United States that Mexico ceded to the U.S. in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848,
Gadsden Purchase Gadsden Purchase. a tract of 45,535 sq. mi. (117,935 sq. km), now contained in New Mexico and Arizona, purchased for $10,000,000 from Mexico in 1853, the treaty being negotiated by James Gadsden.
Forty Niners Men who moved to California to mine for gold in 1849.
Boomtowns Towns that showed up almost over night in California.
Vigilantes Common men to formed groups to protect their town.
Levi Strauss A man who made lots of money selling his jeans to working men.
Mormans A religious group of people that moved West to look for a settlement.
Brigham Young The man who led the Mormans West near The Great Salt Lake.
Created by: 789706031
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