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Chapter 12

Criminal Law and Young People

TermDefinition
Juvenile Delinquents Children between the ages of 7 and 16 to 18 (depending on the province) who committed crimes or were considered "unmanageable" or "sexually immoral"
Training Schools Custody facilities that provided disciplinary and vocational instruction to juvenile offenders
Young Offenders Act Federal legislation that replaced the Juvenile Delinquents Act in 1984
Young Offender Under the Young Offenders Act, a person, at least 12 years of age and under 18, who breaks the criminal law
Youth Criminal Justice Act Federal legislation that replaced the Young Offenders Act in 2003
Incapacity of Children The legal presumption that a child under the age of 12 cannot forn the necessary mens rea to be convicted of a crime
Extrajudicial Sanctions Participating in community based programs instead of going to court
Youth Justice Court A special court for young people between the ages of 12 and 18 who have been charged with a criminal offence
Youth Sentence Punishment imposed on a young person that takes into consideration the principles involved in sentencing people under the age of 18
Custody A sentence entailing confinement within a controlled facility; usually imposed on a young person who commits a serious crime
Custody and Supervision Order A court order that sets out terms and conditions, requiring the youth to spend two-thirds of the sentence in custody and the last third in the community under supervision
Open Custody A sentence directing a youth to stay in a group home or participate in a wilderness camp for a certain period
Secure Custody A sentance that incarcerates a young criminal in a special youth facility
Youth Worker A person appointed to monitor a youth's progress in the community
Created by: slslozzy