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Chapter 18

Common Diseases and Conditions

Urticaria (Hives) Common skin condition
Dermatitis Inflammation of the skin
Eczema Inflammation condition of the skin
Scabies Contagious skin infection
Psoriasis Persistent skin disorder
Boil Skin disorder
Cyst Abnormal closed sac
Impetigo Contagious skin disorder
Skin cancer Malignant growth on the skin
Osteomyelitis inflammation or infection of the bone marrow
Rheumatoid Arthritis Affects connective tissue
warning signs of a stroke Weakness, Trouble Speaking, Vision problems, Headache, dizziness
Risk factors for Hypertension Age, Ethnicity, Family History, Obesity, Diabetes, stress, alcohol, smoking
S& S of Myocardial Infarction SOB, Dizziness, Nausea/ vomiting, Indigestion, Low BP, Cold/ Clammy Skin
GERD Stands for Gastro- Esophageal Reflux Disease
GERD Common disorder of unknown cause
Type 1 Diabetes Occurs most often in children
Type 2 Diabetes Usually develops in adulthood
Gestational diabetes Develops during pregnancy
S& S for Type 2 diabetes Increased thirst, Frequent urination, unusual weight loss, dry, itchy skin, blurred eyesight
Hyperthyroidism Overactive thyroid gland
Hypothyroidism Under-active thyroid gland
S& S of Hyperthyroidism Flushed face, Low BP, Leg cramp, Confusion, Sweet breath odour, Rapid, weak P
S& S of Hypothyroidism Dizziness, Sweating, Cold/ Clammy Skin, Unconsciousness
Benign Non- cancerous
Malignant Cancerous
Metastasis Spread of cancer to other body parts
Factor of cancer Family history, smoking, alcohol, high- fat, hormones, viruses
Warning signs of cancer Difficulty swallowing, blood in urine/ stool, unusual bleeding/ discharge from vagina
Different cues for Cancer Surgery, Radiation, Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy is delivered by IV, Oral medications, and injections
Created by: mackenziemarie21