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Med. Term Chapter 14

Health Tech.

cerebell cerebellum
Cerber/o cerebrum
enchphal brain
medull medulla oblongata
mening meninges
myel spinal cord
neur nerve
pont pons
thalam thalmus
cepal head
electr electricity
hemat blood
hydr water
lumb low back
my muscle
cler hardening
spin spine
vascul blood vessels
alzheimer disease Chronic brain condition involving progressive disorientationk, speech and grait disturbances, and loss of memory
amyotrophic later sclerosis (ALS) Disease with muscular weakness and atrophy due to degeneration of motor neurons os spinal cord; commonly called LOU Gehrig disease
anticovulsant medication to reduce excitability of neurons and to prevent uncontrolled neuron acvivity associated with seizures
brain tumor intracranial mass, either benign or malignant; benign tumor of brain can still be fatal because it will grow and cause pressure on normal brain tissue
cerebral contusion bruising of brain from impact; symptoms last longer that 24 hours and include unconsciousness dizzines, bomiting, unequal, pupil size, and shock
cebebral palsy nonprogressive brain damage resulting from defect in fetal development or trauma or oxygen deprivation at time of birth
ceberospinal fluid analysis laboratory examination of clear, watery, colorless fluid from within brain and spinal cord, detects infections or bleeding of brain
cerebrovascular accident (CVA) development of brain infact due to loss in blood supply to brain; can be caused by ruptured blood vessel (hemorrhage), floating clot (embolus) stationary clot (thrombosis) or compression; extent of damage depends on size and location of infact and can inc
coma profound unconsciousnes or stupor resulting from illness or injury
concussion injury to brain when breain is shaken inside skull because of impact; symptoms last 24 hours or less and can include dizziness, vomiting, unequal size and shock
dementia progressive impairment of intellectual function that interferes with performing activiteis of dailty living
epilepsy recurrent disorder of brain; seizures and loss of consciousness occur as result of uncontrolled neuron electrical activity
hydrocephalus buidldup of cebrospinal fluid within brain, if congential causes head to enlarge, treated by creating shunt ffrom brain to abdomen to drain excess fluid
lumbar puncture puncture with needle into lumbar vertebral area(usually fourth and fifth lumar vertebrae to withdraw fluid for examination or for injection of medication also called spinal punctue or spinal tap.
migraine specific type of headache characterized by severe head pain, sensitivity to light dizziness, and nausea
multiple sclerosis (MS) inflammatory autoimmune disease of CNS; immune system damages myelin around neurons and results in extreme weakness and numbness
myasthenia gravis autoimmune disease with severe muscular weakness and fatigue due to difficulty of electrical impulse passing across synapse from one nerve to another
paralysis temporary or permanent loss of muscle function and movement
parkinson disease chronic disorder of th enervous system with fine tremors, muscular weaknes, rigidity, and shuffling gait
positron emission tomography (PET) use of positive readionuclides to reconstruct brain sections; measurment o oxygen and glucose uptake, cebral flood flow, and blood volume can be taken; amt of glucose brain uses indicates its metabloic activity
seizure sudeen uncontroable onset of symptoms; such as in epileptic seiazure; absence seizure appears as loss of awareness and absence of activity; tonic-clonic seizure is characterized by muscle convulstion
shingles eruption of painful blisters on the body along nerve path; though to be caused baricella zoster virus infection of nerve root also called herpes zoster
spina bifida congenital defect in walls of spinal canal in which two sides of vert do not meet or close; can result in meningocele or myelomeningocele
spinal cord injury damage to spinal cord a result of trauma; spinal cord can be bruised or completely severed
subdural hematoma mass of blood forming underneath dura mater when meninges are torn by trauma; can exert fatal pressure on brain if hematoma is not drained by surgery
syncope fainting
transient ischemic attack(TIA) temporary reduction of blood supply to brain; causes symptoms such as syncope, numbness, and hemiplegia; can eventually lead to cerebrovasuclar accident
Created by: amterry