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AI - Skin & Wound

QuestionAnswer
The outermost layer of skin is called the. . . epidermis
The second layer of skin is called the. . . dermis
the dermis is composed of what? framework of elastic connective tissue
The dermis contains what stuctures? nerves, hair follicles, glands, and blood vessels
The subcutaneous tissue layer contains what stuctures? blood and lymps vessels, nerves, and fat cells
are our hair and nails considered part of the integumentary system? yes
What are the 8 functions of the skin? protection, temperature regulation, psychosocial, sensation, vitamin D production, immunological, absorption, and elimination
What are two protective mechanisms that help rid the body of foreign materials? sneezing and coughing
Are mucous membranes sensitive to pressure? yes
What the only two mucous membranes that are sensitive to temperature? mouth and rectum
In cold conditions, contractions of the pilomotor muscles causes what? Which in turn forms what? hair to stand on end, forming a layer of air on the body for insulation
Production of vitamin D needs what? ultaviolet rays from the sun
Eccrine sweat glands, Sebaceous glands, and Papilla's are present in what layer of the skin? Dermis
If someone is dehydrated, their skiin would appear how? loose and flabby
two genetic predispostions related to the skin are. . . eczema and psoriasis
Is their a potential for a skin infection for a pt. with jaundice? yes, b/c pt. skin is itchy and dry reslting in the pt. scratching their skin causing an open lesion
A break or disruption in the normal integrity of the skin and tissues is what? a wound
what are 3 factors influencing resistance to skin injury? person's age, the amount of underlying tissue, and illness conditions
These type of wounds are based on how they were acquired. . . intentional and unintentional
These type of wounds are based on the lenght of time the pt has had the wound. . . open or closed or acute and chronic
These types of wounds are present when all or a portion of the dermis is intact. . . partial-thickness
These types of wounds are present when the entire dermis and sweat glands and hair follicles are severed. . . full-thickness
These types of wounds are present when the dermis and underlying subcutaneous fat tissue are damaged or destroyed. . . complex
This type of wound is planned, has clean edges, and the risk of infection is minimal intentional wound
Is a lumbar puncture a type of intentional wound? yes
these wounds have jagges edges, uncontrolled bleeding, high risk for infection, longer healing times, and are usually accidental unintentional wounds
Examples of this type of wound include abrasions and incisions. . . open wound
In an open wound, is the skin surface broken? Is it intentional or unintentional? yes, can be either
Examples of this type of wound include ecchymosis and hematomas. . . closed wound
with a closed wound, is internal hemorrhage a concern? yes
are surgical incisions a form of an acute wound? yes
When the edges of a wound meet to close the skin surface it is termed. . . well approximated
Chronic wounds remain in what phase of the healing? inflammatory
wounds related to arterial or venous insufficiency are normally what type. . . chronic
purple blotches on the skin may be indicative of what? Kaposi's sarcoma
One should assess a piercing site for what? redness, swelling, discharge, or excessive pain
Warm baths and nursing ointments are nursing interventions for what? redness and inflammation in the perianal area, especially following bouts of diarrhea
Created by: Veronatron