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Anatomy

Lab practical 2

QuestionAnswer
Which muscle is located in the cheek? Buccinator
Which muscle is not classified as a muscle of mastication? a. masseter b. orbicularis oris c. temporalis d. medial pterygoid e. lateral pterygoid b. orbicularis oris
The hyoid muscles are located in the ____? anterior cervical triangle
Which muscle is not a supra hyoid muscle? a. geniohyoid b. mylohyoid c. digastricus d. sternothyroid e. stylohyoid d. sternothyroid
Which muscle is not an infra hyoid muscle? a. thyrohyoid b. sternothyroid c. omohyoid d. mylohyoid e. sternohyoid d. mylohyoid
Which hyoid muscle has two bellies and attaches to the mastoid process and the mandible? Digastricus
Which hyoid muscle has two bellies and attaches to the scapula? Omohyoid
Depending on their attachments, the various supra hyoid muscles can? a. pull the hyoid and larynx up and forward b. pull the hyoid and larynx up and back c. elevate the floor of the mouth d. help depress the mandible e. all of these e. all of these
The boundaries of the posterior cervical triangle are the? a. sternocleidomastoid b. trapezius c. clavicle d. all of these d. all of these
Which muscle is not located in the posterior cervical triangle? a. supraspinatus b. the Scalenes c. levator scapulae d. semispinalis e. splenius a. superspinatus
Which muscles attach in general to the transverse process of cervical vertebrae and the upper two ribs? Scalenus anterior, medius, and posterior.
Acting bilaterally, the splenius muscles? a. flex the head and neck anteriorly b. flex the head and neck laterally c. extend the head and neck d. all of these a. flex the head and neck anteriorly
Acting unilaterally, the Scalenes primarily? a. flex the head and neck anteriorly b. flex the head and neck laterally c. extend the head and neck d. all of these b. flex the head and neck laterally
Acting unilaterally, sternocleidomastoid? a. flexes the head and neck anteriorly b. flexes the head and neck laterally c. rotates the face up and to the opposite side d. a and c e. b and c. e. b and c
Acting bilaterally, the sternocleidomastoid muscles? a.flex the head and neck laterally b. flex the head and neck anteriorly c. extend the head and neck d. rotate the head and neck b. flex the head and neck anteriorly
Closes the eyelids (sleeping, winking) orbicularis oculi
Puckers and compresses the lips (sucking, kissing) orbicularis oris
Vertical wrinkles above the root of the nose (frowning, pain) corrugator
horizontal wrinkles above the root of the nose (distaste, coyness) procerus
raises the eyebrows (surprise, doubt) frontalis
compresses the cheeks buccinator
draws the scalp backwards occipitalis
protrudes the lower lip and puckers the chin (pouting) mentalis
draws the angle of the mouth down (sorrow, frowning) depressor anguli oris
flares the nostrils and elevates the upper lip levator labii superioris alaeque nasi
compresses the nostrils nasalis
draws the angles of the mouth up and back (smiling, grinning) zygomaticus, risorius, levator anguli oris
pulls the lower lip down depressor labi inferioris
pulls the upper lip up levator labi superioris
pterygoid process - neck of condylar process of mandible lateral pterygoid
pterygoid process - rams and angle of mandible medial pterygoid
temporal fossa - coronoid process of mandible temporalis
zygomatic arch - ramus and angle of mandible masseter
flexion and rotation of head (muscle function) sternocleidomastoid
extension of head (muscle function) splenius, semispinalis
Select the muscle that does not belong w/ the indicated group: Anterior thigh: a. vastus medialis and lateralis b. rectus femoris c. vastus intermedius d. sartorius e. gluteus minimus e. gluteus minimus
Select the muscle that does not belong w/ the indicated group: Medial thigh: a. gracilis b. adductor longus and brevis c. pectineus d. piriformis e. adductor magnus d. piriformis
Select the muscle that does not belong w/ the indicated group: Posterior thigh: a. semitendinosus b. semimembranosus c. vastus intermedius d. biceps femoris c. vastus intermedius
Select the muscle that does not belong w/ the indicated group: Lateral rotators of the thigh: a. piriformis b. quadratus femoris c. adductor brevis d. superior and inferior gemellus e. obturator internus c. adductor brevis
Select the muscle that does not belong w/ the indicated group: Anterior leg: a. extensor hallicus longus b. tibialis anterior c. tibialis posterior d. extensor digitorum e. fibularis tertius c. tibialis posterior
Select the muscle that does not belong w/ the indicated group: Posterior leg: a. soleus & gastrocnemius b. fibularis longus & brevis c. plantaris & popliteus d. flexor hallicus longus & flexor digitorum longus e. tibialis posterior b. fibularis longus & brevis
Medial thigh adduction of thigh
posterior thigh flexion of leg
anterior thigh extension of leg
posterior leg plantar flexion & flexion of digits
anterior leg dorsiflexion & extension of digits
adduction of thigh pectineus, gracilis, adductor magnus/longus/brevis
abduction of thigh gluteus medius and minimus
extension of thigh gluteus maximus, hamstrings
flexion of thigh ilipsoas, rectus femoris, sartorius
lateral rotation of thigh piriformis, gemelli, obturator internus, quadratus femoris
extension of leg at knee quadriceps femoris
flexion of leg at knee semitendinosus, semimembranosus, biceps femoris
plantar flexion & inversion of foot tibialis posterior
dorsiflexion & inversion of foot tibialis anterior
plantar flexion & eversion of foot fibularis longus & brevis
flexion of leg at knee popliteus
plantar flexion of foot soleus, gastrocnemius, plantaris
extension of big toe extensor hallucis longus
extension of digits 2-5 extensor digitorum longus
flexion of digits 2-5 flexors digitorum longus & brevis
General attachments: ischial tuberosity Hamstrings
General attachments: anterior superior iliac spine sartorius, tensor fasciae latae
General attachments: anterior inferior iliac spine rectus femoris
General attachments: pubis and ischium gracilis, adductor magnus/longus/brevis
General attachments: iliac fossa iliacus
General attachments: lesser trochanter iliopsoas
General attachments: greater trochanter gluteus medius, minimus
General attachments: tibia: just below medial condyle sartorius, gracilis, semitendinosus
General attachments: fibula: head biceps femoris
General attachments: linea aspera adductor magnus/longus/brevis; pectineus
General attachments: calcaneus soleus, plantaris, gastrocnemius
General attachments: femoral condyle gastrocnemius
General attachments: greater trochanter piriformis, gemelli, obturator internus, quadratus
General attachments: meidal tibial condyle femoris semimembranosus
General attachments: ilium: gluteal surface & sacrum gluteus max/med/min
General attachments: obturator membrane & surrounding bone obturator externus, internus
General attachments: linea aspera vastus lateralis/medialis
General attachments: iliotibial band tensor fasciae latae, gluteus max.
Which muscles keep the trunk from tilting to the unsupported side during walking? gluteus medius and minimus
Which muscle is most superior? a. gemellus superior b. obtruator internus c. quadratus femoris d. gemullus inferior e. piriformis e. piriformis
which muscle exits the pelvis through the greater sciatic foramen? piriformis
which muscle exits the pelvis through the lesser sciatic foramen? obturator internus
which muscle lies deep to rectus femoris? vastus intermedius
which muscle is most posterior? a. adductor longus b. adductor brevis c. adductor magnus d. gracilis e. pectineus c. adductor magnus
which muscle lies just deep to pectineus and adductor longus? a. adductor magnus b. vastus lateralis c. adductor brevis d. gracilis e. obturator internus c. adductor brevis
which muscle is most superficial? a. semimembranosus b. semitendinosus b. semitendinosus
which muscle is most lateral? a. biceps femoris b. semimembranosus c. semitendinosus a. biceps femoris
which muscle does not bound the popliteal fossa? sartorius
which muscle unlocks the knee? popliteus
Which 2 muscle tendons curve around the lateral malleolus? Fibularis longus & brevis
which 2 muscle tendons curve around the medial malleolus? tibialis posterior & flexor digitorum longus
a torn achille's tendon would affect a. dorsiflexion of the foot b. plantar flexion of the foot c. flexion of the toes d. extension of the toes b. plantar flexion of the foot
Created by: celinexu