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Koizer Chapter 48

Urinary Elimination

Micturition, voiding, urination Process of emptying in the UB
Diuretic Cholothiazide and furosemide, increase urine formation by preventing te reabsorption of H20 and electroytle fro the tubule of the Kd into bloodstream
Dysuria Voiding that is either painful/difficult
Hematuria Blood in the urine
Nocturia Voiding at night more than 2x
Oliguria Less than <30ml/hour
Anuria No urine, no Kd fx, lack of urine production
Dialysis Technique by which fluids and olecules pass via a semipermeable membrane accordin to the rules of osmosis
Commode Toilet that does not use running H2O
Polyuria Refers to the production of abnormally large amt of urine by the KD
Urgency, hesitancy, frequency Sudden, strong desire to void
Enuresis Involuntary uriantion in children
Urinary Incontient, UI Involuntary leakage of urine or loss of BD contrl, a health sysmptom not disease
Neurogenic BD Impaired neurologic fx can interfere w. normal mechanisms of urine elimination-client does not perceive BD fullness and therefore unable to control the urinary sphincter-BD may become flaccid and distended or spastic w. frequent involuntary urination.
Cortex part of the Renal parenchyma Outermost layer, site of glomerui and proximal and distal tubules of nephron
Medulla part of the Renal paerenchyma Middle lyer, formed by collecting tubules and ducts
Papillae part of the Renal Sinus and Pelvis Projections of renal tissues located at the tips of the renal pyramids
Minor calyx of calice Collects urine flow from collecting duct
Major calyx of calice Directs urine from renal sinus to renal pelvis
This is the vascular system of nephron Renal corpuscle
Bowman's capsule A portion of the proximal tubule surrounds the glomerulus
Renal Tubule Divided into proximal convoluted tubule, descending loop of Henle, ascending loop of Henle, ascending loop of Henle, distal convoluted tubule, and collecting duct
Kidney Two-bean-shaped organ that lie in the retroperitoneal space on either side of the vertebral column; adrenal glands located on top of each Kd
Nephron the functional unit of the kidney
Urine culture and sensitivity diagnoses bacterial infections of the urinary tract
Residual urine amount of urine left in bladder after voiding measured via catheter (permanent or temporary) in bladder
Creatinine clearance determines amount of creatinine (waste product of protein breakdown) in the urine over 24 hours, measures overall renal function
Routine urinalysis, Voided Urine wash perineal area if soiled, obtain first voided morning specimen; send to lab immediately (should be examined within 1 hour of voiding).
Created by: moxleyjulene