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Chapter 16 GENE

Genetics Chapter 16 Human Heredity

Most common cause of female infertility oviduct blockage, uterine problems, damaged or absent ovaries. Hormone- related ovulation problems. Then hormone related problems.
Problem with fertility percentage in US 13%
Male infertility Varicocele is 37%
Assisted reproductive Technologies A series of methods used to help infertile couples have children
In vitro Fertilization Gametes are collected and fertilized in a dish, resulting zygote is implanted in the uterus
Gamete intrafallopian transfer Gametes are collected and placed in a woman's oviduct
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection An egg in fertilized by microinjection of a single sperm count or motility
Zygote intrafallopian transfer Zygote placed in the oviduct
Risks of ART Threefold increase in ectopic pregnancies, Multiple births (35% in IVF), Increased risk of low birth weight, Increased risk of transmitting genetic defects to male children (in ICSI)
Germ-line gene therapy Gene transfer to gametes or the cells that produce them. Transfers a gene to all cells in the next generation, including germ cells
Enhancement gene therapy Gene transfer to enhance traits such as intelligence and athletic ability rather than to treat a genetic disorder
Erythropoietin Hormone that increase production of red blood cells to enhance athletic performance
Created by: tstrange