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Ch.16

Study Guide Weather

QuestionAnswer
Describe the 4 main clouds based on formation, altitude, and weather. Cumulus:3,000 m. high, forms when warm air rises, indicates fair weather. Cirrus: 8,000 m. high,form when wind is strong, indicates change in weather. Stratus:1,000m high,formed when gentle lifting of the air into the atmosphere, and light to heavy rain
Describe condensation and evaporation Evaporation is when liquid water changes to a gas. Condensation is the change of state from a gas to liquid
How are humidity, saturation, and condensation related They all change a gas to liquid
How are the 4 types of precipitation different from each other. They are different sizes and form differently
What are air masses and how are they characterized Air masses are large bodies of air and there are characterized by moisture and temputure
List the types of air masses and describe each based on their symbols Martine tropical, forms over water, low pressure, warm, and humid Martine polar,forms over land, high pressure, cool and wind
Describe the densities between warm and cool air. Why is this fact important in understanding fronts? Warms air rise so it''s less dense and cool air sinks so it's very dense
Describe the movements of air masses for each of the fronts. Martine tropical: forms over water, low pressure, warm and humid Martine polar: forms over land, high pressure, cool and windy Continental tropical: forms over land, high pressure Continental polar:forms over water, low pressure
What type of weather does each front bring Cold front:Brings brief storms and cooler weather Warm front:Sometimes accompanied by precipitation Stat. Front:Brings long periods of precipitation Occluded front: Brings precipitation
How are cyclones and anticyclones different Cyclones: low pressure and warm Anticyclones: high pressure and cool
How are tornadoes and hurricanes different Tornadoes:forms over land and touches the ground Hurricanes:forms over water, tropical
How do you stay safe from hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, and lighting You have to stay indoors, avoid staying in high places, don't touch metal, have a radio, stay away from windows and doors, and drills
How do weather ballons help in predicting the weather Carries electronic equipment that measures weather conditions above Earth's surface
How is an isobar and barometer related They both have something to do with air pressure. One connects points or measures air pressure
How is an isotherm and a thermometer related The both have to do something wih temputure. One measures temp. at a certain and time and place
How is technology used for weather predicated The Doppler radar and the weather satilities
How do you know which direction a front is moving The way it's heading is the location it is
Where is tornado alley and why is it there It's in U.S, it's there because lots of Tornadoes in the area
Describe the temp. and precipitation in the tropical forest The percipitation is really rainy. The temp. is really humid
Study guide
Created by: 200320385
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