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Floriculture Skills

2007 Written Test

QuestionAnswer
Susie wants to create a floral design in a direct complimentary scheme. She should use: a. yellow and violet b. orange and yellow c. yellow and blue d. red and blue a. yellow and violet
Karen is designing a floral arrangement for a spring wedding. Her customer wants her to use flowers that are in different shades of pink. this color scheme is called: a. analogous b. direct complementary c. split complementary d. monochromatic d. monochromatic
One way to create rhythm is: a. use flowers of all one size b. change the facing of the flowers in the arrangement c. use flowers and greenery that are all similar in shape d. be sure that all of the flowers are spaced equidistance apart b. change the facing of the flowers in the arrangement
John is designing a corsage with mini carnations and his shop manager tells him to insert the wire through the calyx just below the petals. This wiring method is the: a. pierce method b. hook method c. insert method d. hairpin method a. pierce method
Sally is making a bow for a poinsettia that is in a 6" pot. The most appropriate ribbon choice for a plant in this size pot is: a. #3 b. #5 c. #9 d. #40 c. #9
Pedro's boss assigns him the task of designing an arrangement with two sides of equal length and the third side being shorter. This triangle is called: a. isosceles b. scalene c. symmetrical d. asymmetrical a. isosceles
The best choice for a container for a hogarth arrangement is a: a. fireside basket b. low centerpiece bowl c. container with a pedestal d. low shallow container c. container with a pedestal
When a floral designer uses accessories such as fruit, nuts, and cones in a Christmas floral design, they are creating an arrangement with a ________ theme. a. traditional b. Victorian c. contemporary d. Williamsburg d. Williamsburg
The segment of the floral industry that sells directly to the end consumer (general public) is the: a. grower b. importer c. wholesaler d. retailer d. retailer
The "nesting pricing method" of pricing is most generally used to figure the price of: a. any type of floral b. items sold to shop employees c. items that are grouped together but are of different sizes/values d. all retail goods c. items that are grouped together but are of different sizes/values
A shipment of flowers arrives at a floral shop. Jenny unpacks them, recuts the stems, places them in warm water with floral preservative, and lets them stand for two hours before she places them in floral cooler. She is taking these steps to? Condition the flowers
CO2 is often released into greenhouses because: a. it helps the workers breather easier b. it helps the plants make food, and, therefore, increases crop quality c. plants can't produce flowers without it d. it helps up intensity of the flower color b. it helps the plants make food, and, therefore, increases crop quality
Benches in a greenhouse are arranged where they're running along sidewalks the full length of the greenhouse with shorter benches pointing towards the middles aisle. a. peninsular benching b. retail benching c. standard benching d. rolling benching a. peninsular benching
Capillary mat watering is generally used in greenhouses to water: a. cut flower crops b. hanging baskets c. potted flowering crops d. flats c. potted flowering crops
An example of an inorganic substance that is found in some soilless medias is: a. peat moss b. composted bark c. sphagnum peat moss d. perlite d. perlite
Upon inspecting a floral crop, young leaves are prominently malformed and chlorotic and upon closer inspection, the root growth is poor. The plant is deficient in: a. phosphorus b. calcium c. magnesium d. iron b. calcium
Ellen notices that she has thrips in her greenhouse. She wants to control them with a biological control, so she uses: a. parasites b. any pesticide c. sticky traps d. screen the vents a. parasites
One way that damping off can be controlled is by: a. keeping greenhouse lights on at all times b. keeping plants moist at all times c. keeping plants placed as closely as possible d. keeping surface of the germination medium dry between irrigations d. keeping surface of the germination medium dry between irrigations
Denise notices that her plants are covered with a sticky substance. The greenhouse manager inspects the crop and tells her that it is called "honeydew" and that it's caused by: a. spider mites b. whiteflies c. aphids d. thrips c. aphids
The insect that most often affects poinsettia crops is: a. spider mites b. whiteflies c. aphids d. thrips b. whiteflies
Botrytis is: a. a fungal disease b. an insect c. a weed prevalent in greenhouses d. a chemical used to prevent fungal diseases a. a fungal disease
Leaching a crop is important because it: a. kills disease b. flushes excess soluble salts from the growing media c. helps control insect problems d. adds needed fertilizer flushes excess soluble salts from the growing media
Light intensity is measured in: a. foot candles b. light candles c. photoperiod degrees d. photo intensity ration foot candles
Several greenhouses located in the same location are know as: a. greenhouse pod b. greenhouse group c. greenhouse range d. greenhouse development c. greenhouse range
The most widely used method of greenhouse heating is: a. coal b. fuel oil c. electric d. natural gas d. natural gas
For most flowers, floral coolers should be maintained at between 35 and 40 degrees F a. True b. False a. True
The lightness or darkness of a hue is called its value a. True b. False a. True
When designing a floral arrangement, you should be very careful to use equal amounts of all flowers in the arrangement. a. True b. False b. False
The major lines in an arrangement are known as "spine lines". a. True b. False b. False
An arrangement of sunflowers in a basket is good example of a formal design. a. True b. False b. False
An arrangement should be at least 1 to 1 1/2 times the height of a. True b. False a. True
A #28 gauge wire is thinner than a #18 gauge wire. a. True b. False a. True
The "stitch method" is a good wiring technique to use on foliage. a. True b. False a. True
Many flowers may be preserved in a leathery condition by treating them with mineral oil. a. True b. False b. False
In a vegetative arrangement, the flowers are placed in groupings or patches representing the way they might grow naturally. a. True b. False a. True
Materials used to control the placement of flowers, foliage and accessories are known as "mechanics". a. True b. False a. True
Bedding plants make up the largest segment of the floriculture industry. a. True b. False a. True
Because glass is considered by industry professionals to be a very good material, most greenhouses today are built with glass as the glazing material. a. True b. False b. False
Since heat rises, the thermometer in the greenhouse should be placed as close to the roof as possible, because it is important to see how high the temperature is in that location. a. True b. False b. False
The pH of the water has no effect on greenhouse crops. a. True b. False b. False
A standard greenhouse pot is as tall as it is wide at the top. a. True b. False a. True
Winged insects may be prevented from entering a greenhouse from the outside if they are met with resistance in the form of air pressure as they try to enter through the vents and doors. a. True b. False a. True
Anthers should be left in Easter lily blooms because this practice helps prolong the life of the flower. a. True b. False b. False
Both cineraria and cyclamen are known as cool temperature crops. a. True b. False a. True
The most common method of height control for chrysanthemums is to vary the daylength by adding lights at night. a. True b. False b. False
Oedema is a common physiological disorder of geraniums. a. True b. False a. True
Poinsettias require at east 12 hours of continuous light per day in order to bloom. a. True b. False b. False
Pasteurization of root media kills all organisms (the good and the bad). a. True b. False b. False
The essential elements in soilless media are at their maximum availability in a pH range of 5.5 to 6.5. a. True b. False a. True
Biotherm heating is a method heating is a method of bottom heating in which heat is applied from beneath the crop. a. True b. False a. True
Created by: Amberber