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Animals

QuestionAnswer
Animals are eukaryotic (have a nucleus) organisms that lack a __________ ___________. cell wall
Animals cannot make their own food/energy, therefore they must consume other organisms meaning they are - heterotrophs.
Type of animal symmetry where the body parts are arranged around a central point. Radial
Type of animal symmetry where the body parts are mirror images of each other. Bilateral
Type of animal symmetry where the body parts cannot be divided into matching parts. Asymmetrical
Invertebrates are animals that lack a - backbone.
______________ are animals that have a backbone. Vertebrates
Some invertebrates have exoskeletons made up of - chitin.
What type of invertebrate? Sessile filter feeders that are full or pores. Simplest of all animals. Sponges (Porifera)
What type of invertebrate? House stinging cells (nematocysts) and tentacles. Can be sessile (polyp) or free-floating (medusa). Coral, Hydra, Jellyfish, Anemones (Cnidaria)
What type of invertebrate? Type of worm with a flat body. Flatworms - Tapeworm, Planaria (Platyminthes)
What type of invertebrate? Type of worm with a round body. Roundworms - Nematodes, Heartworms (Nematoda)
What type of invertebrate? Type of worm with repeating body segments. Segmented worms - Earthworms, Leeches, Marine worms (Annelida)
What type of invertebrate? Consists of a soft body, muscular foot, rough tongue (radula), and a mantle. Mollusks (Mollusca)
What type of invertebrate? Type of mollusk that glide on a trail of mucus. Snails and Slugs (Gastropods)
What type of invertebrate? Type of mollusk that has two shells. Clams, Oysters, Scallops, Mussels (Bivalves)
What type of invertebrate? Type of mollusk whose feet are divided into tentacles. Octopi, Squid, Cuttlefish, Nautilus (Cephalopod)
What type of invertebrate? Organisms with jointed appendages and exoskeletons. Largest group of animals. Arthropods (Arthropoda)
What type of invertebrate? Type of arthropod that has 3 body parts, 6 legs, 1 or 2 pair of wings, and a pair of antennae. Beetles, grasshoppers, flies, bees, etc. (Insects)
What type of invertebrate? Type of arthropod that has 2 body parts, 8 legs, and no antennae. Spiders, Scorpions, Ticks, Mites (Arachnids)
Life cycle of an insect in which it changes body shape. Metamorphosis
What type of invertebrate? Type of arthropod that has 1 or 2 pair of legs for each body segment. Centipedes (1 pair/segment), Millipedes (2 pair/segement) - (Myriapods)
What type of invertebrate? Type of aquatic arthropod that has 10 legs, and 2 pair of antennae. Crabs, Lobsters, Shrimp, Barnacles (Crustaceans)
What type of invertebrate? Tiny suckers, hard and spiny, radial symmetry, can reproduce by regeneration of body parts. Starfish, Sand dollars, Sea urchins (Echinodermata)
The 4 basic features of ALL vertebrates/chordates. Notochord, Dorsal - hollow nerve cord, Pharyngeal slits, and Postanal tail
What type of vertebrate? Ectothermic, aquatic, egg-laying, and gill-bearing. Fish
What type of vertebrate? Type of fish that lack bones. Lampreys, Hagfish (Jawless fish)
What type of vertebrate? Type of fish with skeletons of cartilage. Sharks, Skates, Rays (Cartilaginous fish)
What type of vertebrate? Type of fish with bony skeletons. Most fish (Bony fish)
What type of vertebrate? Ectothermic, live in water and on land, egg-laying, and have external fertilization. Amphibians
What type of vertebrate? Type of amphibian with long, slender bodies and tails. Salamanders and Newts
What type of vertebrate? Type of amphibian with no tails and with jumping legs. Frogs and Toads
What type of vertebrate? Type of amphibian without legs. Caecilians
What type of vertebrate? Ectothermic, dry/scaly skin, egg-laying and have internal fertilization. Reptiles
What type of vertebrate? Most numerous type of reptiles (some have legs, some don't). Lizards and Snakes
What type of vertebrate? Type of reptile with long, broad snouts. Alligators, Crocodiles, Caiman, and Gharials.
What type of vertebrate? Type of reptiles with shells. Turtles and Tortoise
What type of vertebrate? Endothermic, 2 wings, 2 legs, beaks/bills, egg-laying, and have internal fertilization. Birds
What type of vertebrate? Type of birds that rest on branches and powerlines, and sing songs. Cardinals, Robins, Sparrows, etc. (Perching birds)
What type of vertebrate? Type of birds that have sharp beaks and large talons. Hawks, Eagles, Owls, etc. (Birds of Prey)
What type of vertebrate? Type of birds that wade in the water on long legs. Flamingos, Cranes, Heron, etc. (Wading birds)
What type of vertebrate? Type of birds that can't fly. Penguins, Ostriches, Emus, etc. (Flightless birds)
What type of vertebrate? Endothermic, live birth (usually), hair, milk, and have internal fertilization. Mammals
What type of vertebrate? Type of mammal that lay eggs. Platypus, Echidna (Monotremes)
What type of vertebrate? Type of mammal that gives birth to underdeveloped offspring that will crawl into a pouch to further development. Kangaroos, Opossums, Koalas, etc. (Marsupials)
What type of vertebrate? Type of mammal that gives live birth to a well-developed offspring. All other mammals - mice, cows, whales, bats, monkeys, lions, dogs, etc. (Eutherians)
Created by: ballb