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Protists & Fungi

QuestionAnswer
Protists are _______________, meaning they have a nucleus in their cells. eukaryotic
Protists are a group of misfits, because they are very ______________. diverse
Protists can be unicellular or ________________. multicellular
A type of asexual reproduction in protists and some fungi in which part of the adult pinches off and forms a new identical organism. budding
Protists that resemble animals are ________________, meaning that they have to consume another organism to get their food/energy. heterotrophs
Protists that resemble plants are ________________, meaning that they can make their own food/energy. autotrophs
Protists that resemble fungi are ________________, meaning that they break down organic matter in order to obtain food/energy. decomposers
Plasmodium is a protist that causes the disease ______________. malaria
A rapid increase in the population of algae. Algal bloom
Fungi are eukaryotic organisms (have a nucleus) with cell walls made of _____________. chitin
MOST ______________ are decomposers, meaning they break down organic matter to obtain food/energy. fungi
Threadlike cells that make up a fungus. hyphae
Reproductive structure of most fungi. mushroom
The majority of most fungi are located beneath the surface. The underground absorption structures are called ____________________. mycelium
Most fungi reproduce using ___________, which can be formed sexually or asexually. spores
Aquatic fungi. Chytrids
Any fungus that rapidly reproduces asexually. Mold
Sac fungi. Ascomycetes
Club fungi. Basidiomycetes
Unicellular fungus that is used to make alcohol, bread rise, and can cause infections. yeast
Type of fungus that lives together with a photosynthetic organism and is usually a pioneer species. lichen
Type of locomotion that involves extensions of the cytoplasm to create "fake feet." Found in some protists, for example: amoebas. pseudopod
Type of locomotion that involves a whip-like tail. Found in some protists, for example: euglena. flagellum
Type of locomotion that involves tiny hairs beating in unison. Found in some protists, for example: paramecium. cilia
Created by: ballb