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Bacteria/Viruses

QuestionAnswer
Kingdoms of life that are prokaryotes (lack a nucleus) Bacteria (Eubacteria and Archaebacteria)
Kingdom of bacteria that are your common everyday bacteria. Eubacteria
Kingdom of bacteria that are relatives of the first living organisms (live in extreme environments). Archaebacteria
Type of bacteria that have a spherical shape. Coccus (cocci)
Type of bacteria that have a rod shape. Bacillus (bacilli)
Type of bacteria that have a spiral shape. Spirillum (Spirilli)
Type of Gram stain that results in purple cells (peptidoglycan retains stain); antibiotics usually work against this type of bacteria. Gram positive (+)
Type of Gram stain that results in red/pink cells (peptidoglycan doesn't retain stain b/c of outer membrane protection); antibiotics usually DON'T work against this type of bacteria. Gram negative (-)
Type of bacteria that requires oxygen to survive. Aerobic
Type of bacteria that does NOT require oxygen to survive. Anaerobic
Type of asexual reproduction in bacteria; cells split into 2 new cells. Binary Fission
Type of bacterial reproduction that TRANSFERS ALL of one's DNA into another cell. Conjugation
Type of bacterial reproduction that TRANSFERS PARTS/FRAGMENTS of one's DNA into another cell. Transformation
Type of bacterial reproduction using a virus. Transduction
Medicine used to kill some types of bacteria. Antibiotics
Bacteria can be _____________, heterotrophs, or decomposers. autotrophs
Are viruses living? NO
Viruses are not considered alive because they need a ____________ in order to survive and reproduce. host
Viruses are made-up of _____________ acid and a ____________ coat. nucleic; protein
Type of viral reproduction that uses a host cell's organelles to make copies of itself. Lytic Cycle
Type of viral reproduction that incorporates its DNA into a host cell's DNA. Lysogenic Cycle
Created by: ballb