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Human Body Review

QuestionAnswer
Made up of organs that filter out and excrete cellular wastes, toxins, and excess water Excretory System
Compound from broken down protein excreted along with excess water and other waste Urea
Organ that filters blood to remove waste collected from all cells Kidney
Organ that holds urine until it leaves the body Bladder
Waste liquid containing water, salts, and waste Urine
Tube that carries liquid waste from the kidney to the bladder Ureter
Carries urine from the bladder to outside the body Urethra
Group of specialized organs, tissues, and cells that work together to carry messages through the body; direct behavior, movement, and processes Nervous System
Nerve Cell Neuron
Part of brain in control of: heart beating Brain Stem
Part of brain in control of: smelling Cerebrum
Part of brain in control of: kicking a ball Cerebrum
Part of brain in control of: breathing Brain Stem
Part of brain in control of: digestion Brain Stem
Part of brain in control of: figuring out a math problem Cerebrum
Part of brain in control of: reflexes Brain Stem
Part of brain in control of: balance and coordination Cerebellum
Largest part of brain Cerebrum
A bundle of nerves that messages travel up and down the body to and from brain Spinal Cord
A network of nerves that branch out; send and receive messages to and from brain Peripheral Nerves
Cause blood to flow through body by its pumping action Heart
Tubes made of smooth muscle that carry blood throughout the body Blood vessels
Muscle tissue of the heart Cardiac
Carries oxygenated blood and nutrients Arteries
Carries waste products like carbon dioxide from the body back to the heart Veins
Small blood vessels where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged Capillaries
Composed of red blood cells, white blood cells, plasma, and platelets Blood
Carries blood into the kidneys Arteries
Carries filtered blood out of the kidneys Veins
Collects, moistens, and heats air from the environment Nasal Passage
Windpipe Trachea
Tube that moves air from trachea to lungs Bronchi
Moves air from nose to lungs Trachea
Main organ where gases are exchanged Lungs
Small structure that connects to capillaries and location of gas exchange Alveoli
Muscle that aids in the breathing process Diaphragm
Make bile Liver
Stores bile Gallbladder
Absorbs most of the water from digested food Large Intestine
Organ that produces enzymes like insulin to help break down fats, proteins, and carbohydrates Pancreas
Stores solid waste until it is eliminated from the body Rectum
Organ that connects mouth to stomach Esophagus
Longest part of system, where most chemical digestion takes place Small Intestine
Organ that squeezes and churns chewed food Stomach
Part of system that mechanically breaks down food by chewing and chemically breaks down with saliva Mouth
Involuntary muscle that controls movement Smooth Muscle
Voluntary muscle that controls movement Skeletal Muscle
Connects bones to bones Ligaments
Connects muscles to bones Tendon
Location where bones meet Joint
Main organ of skeletal system Bone
What two systems directly work together to help your body move? Muscular and Skeletal
What system controls all other systems? Nervous System
What two systems work directly to exchange gases with your blood and the air? Circulatory and Respiratory Systems
What two systems directly work together to empty your body of liquid waste? Circulatory and Excretory Systems
What two systems directly work together to give your cells nutrients? Circulatory and Digestive Systems
What is the order of organization in the body from least to most complex? cells-tissues-organs-organ systems-organism
Created by: RichaneRobbins