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Science Vocab Finals

rockets/space program

rocket a device that expels gas in one direction to move in the opposite
thrust the reaction force that propels a rocket forward
velocity speed in a given direction
orbital velocity velocity a rocket must achieve to establish an orbit around earth
escape velocity the velocity the rocket must achieve to fly beyond earths gravitational pull
satellite an object that revolves around another object in space
space shuttle a spacecraft that can carry people to space return to earth, and be reused again for the same purpose
space station a large artificial satellite on which people can work and live on for a long time
space probe a spacecraft that carries scientific instruments that can collect data
rovers small robots that move around on the surface
vacuum a place that is empty of all matter
microgravity a feeling of weightlessness
space spinoff an item originally developed for use in space but also has uses on earth
remote sensing collection of info about earth and other objects in space without being in direct contact
geosynchronous orbit a satellite that orbits earth at the same rate thus staying over the same place on earth
Apollo The American effort to land astronauts on the moon
John Glenn First man to orbit Earth
Alan Shepard First AMerican in Space
Laika The first living creature in space-Soviet dog
Sputnik The soviet satellite that kicked off the Space Race
Yuri Gargarin the first human in space
NASA The USA space program-National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Freedom Launched the first American in space
ISS America and 15 other countries helped launched the space station where scientist from all over can live
Mir the soviet space station
Cassini space probe exploring Saturn's moons
Galileo provided detailed images and data about Jupiter and its mooon
Discovery a space shuttle
Challenger One of the 2 American shuttles that were destroyed during flights
Lunar Prospector a space probe that found evidence of water ice and other materials on the moon
GPS global positioning system
Created by: miamacdonald