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music ch 4

music ch 4 religious music

TermDefinition
Psalm singing •Congregational singing of rhymed, metrical versions of the Psalms set to hymn tunes
Psalters •The books in which the Psalms, with either words or hymn tunes, were published •The shape-note system also became very popular (p. 52-53)
Lining out/call and response •A style of hymn singing •A minister or song leader sings one line at a time, and the congregation sings back
Singing schools •The schools were created by ministers in New England around 1720 in order to improve what they considered “deplorable” psalm singing •The schools were also a place for social gatherings, which attracted many young people
Singing schools The music was meant for the performer, not the listener
Singing schools Example (Not part of Listening Guide Excerpts) “Sherburne” from a 1959 recording in Alabama
Traditional Black Gospel Music (p. 62) •Gospel music traditionally refers to a style of music that focuses on religious musical expression
Thomas A. Dorsey (1899-1933 •The father of modern black gospel music •Very successful as a singer, teacher, choir director, and organizer
Mahalia Jackson (1911-1972) •Considered to be the foremost black gospel singer of all time
Tramaine Hawkins, “Amazing Grace” Genre: Contemporary black gospel
Spirituals/Blues •Religious folk songs of the south •You will hear the form of the blues, as discussed in Ch. 3, mixed with sacred text •These songs are very influenced by the history of slavery
White Gospel Music (p.66) Revival and Evangelical Hymns and tabernacles
Revival and Evangelical Hymns •Evangelical hymns heard at revival services, camps, Sunday schools/church •European influence •The music simply attracted more people!
Dwight Moody(1837-1899)/Ira Sankey(1840-1908) •One of the most influential evangelist/song leader teams •Turned hymns into “popular music”
Tabernacles •The buildings that were used in Urban areas for revival meetings
Created by: droe