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music ch 3

chapter 3 music

TermDefinition
Vernacular Music •The common musical language of the people of a nation, region, or cultural group •NOT considered “classical” music or art music •Created and performed by common people
Folk music •A living, ever changing music •Music that reflects the spirit and personality of the people who produce, use, and value it •Informal, and aesthetically and musically simple
Traditional American folk music •“The interweaving of British and African styles and influences is perhaps the single most important factor in the development of American music.” (Text, p. 43)
Oral tradition •Historically, most folk music is preserved and passed down through oral tradition rather than musical notation
Indigenous folk melodies •Melodies created by the original people in a particular region Types of folk melodies-Narrative Ballads-Lyric Songs-Work Songs-Children’s Songs-Protest Songs-Rally Songs-Dance Music
Indigenous folk melodies examples Gid Tanner and His Skillet Lickers, “Soldier’s Joy Jean Ritchie, “Barbry Allen
Urban Folk Music Revival, Kingston Trio and Folk rock of Bob Dylan
Revival(urban folk music) •The return to popularity of an existing style
Kingston Trio(urban folk music) •The group that inspired (1958) the folk revival with the recording of “Tom Dooley.” Other artists liked what they heard, and followed down the same path.
Folk Rock/Bob Dylan (urban folk music) •In 1965, Dylan added the electric guitar to folk music, causing another form of revival folk music. (Other artists include Guthrie, Baez, Peter, Paul, & Mary, and Simon and Garfunkel.)
Urban Blues •The name given to the blues in the 1940s and 1950s •The addition of the electric guitar, rhythm section, and sometimes horns created this new sound •The songs were notated and recorded, rather than only being “used” by the performers
12-bar blues form (urban blues) •The form (structure) of blues music •The form makes up twelve bars •A regular pattern of chords that uses the blues scale
Tone bending (urban blues) •A technique used to enhance the mournful, “bluesy” quality of the music •Sounds like the voice is sliding, which is something that can’t be notated in musical scores
Sarah Vaughan (1924-1990 (urban blues) •Prominent jazz/blues artist – just a suggestion of a great artist for those who are interested
Bessie Smith (1895-1937) ( urban blues) •Considered the blues singer of the 1920s •Paved the way for many other female vocalists
Rhythm and Blues (R&B) •The name given to urban blues by Billboard in 1949 •Today, this name is used to describe several different styles
B.B. King (b. 1925) •Considered the original king of R&B Example is Call it Stormy Monday
Created by: droe