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The Kingdoms of Bacteria, Protists, and Fungi Test Review

Bacteria and Fungi are important to the environment because they are the decomposers
Rod shaped bacteria cells bacillus
Spherical shaped bacteria cells coccus
Spiral shaped or bent rods bacteria cells spirillum
How do viruses reproduce? by taking over a host cell and using it to make viruses
All fungi produce __________ one way or the other. spores
We produce these proteins to help protect our cells from viral infections. interferons
Bacteria reproduce asexually by binary fission (mitosis)
Malaria is caused by the protozoan _____________ in the phylum ___________. plasmodium; Sporozoa
Malaria is carried the female Anopheles mosquito
Which group of Protista are autotrophic and perform photosynthesis? the algae
Which of the microorganisms studied are prokaryotes? the bacteria
Fungi are decomposing heterotrophs called saprophytes
Which group of protozoa feed by sweep food particles into the oral groove with cilia? paramecium; the ciliates
Which group of bacteria are autotrophic producers? the cyanobacteria
What are the 2 kingdoms of bacteria? Archaebacteria and Eubacteria
Which kingdom of bacteria contain the true bacteria and cyanobacteria? Eubacteria
Which kingdom of bacteria contain those that are found in very harsh environments? Archaebacteria
Viruses are composed of a _____________ surrounded by a _________________. nucleic acid core; protein coat
Prokaryotes lack a nucleus
The branch of Protista called "the animal-like" protists. protozoans
The branch of Protista called "the plant-like" protists. the algae
Long, whiplike cell structure that moves the cell. flagellum
Short, hairlike cell structures that moves the cell. cilia
A rare event caused by the overpopulation of dinoflagellates. the Red Tide
Asexual form of reproduction in the Spirogyra. fragmentation
A type of sexual reproduction found in bacteria and some protists. conjugation
Most bacteria are pathogens. True or false false
How are colony cell members different from cells of a tissue. they can survive if separated from the other cells
The structure on a mushroom that houses the spore cases. gills
What are the fungi that have a mutualism relationship with plant roots. mycorrhrizae
What are the 3 groups of the Kingdom Protista? algae, protozoa, and the water molds
Amoeboid movement is achieved by what structures of locomotion in the Amoeba? pseudopodia
The thallus (body) of a typical fungi is composed of long strands of cells called hyphae
What are the 2 types of life cycles in viruses? lytic cycle and lysogenic cycle
Which life cycle in virsuses can contain an inactive virus? lysogenic
The lichens are composed of __________ and ______________. an algae; a fungus
What aren't the algae considered plants? no true tissues, just filaments of cells forming a colony
What are the algae called the plant-like protists? contain chlorophyll, cell walls, autotrophic
How are the Archaebacteria and Eubacteria different? Archae don't have proteins in their cell walls but do have them in their chromosome.
How have we developed an antibiotic resistance in bacteria? natural selection
List several ways the protists benefit mankind. food, most of the oxygen on earth, household cleaners and filters
List several ways the fungi benefit mankind. food industry, decomposers of organic material in the soil, medicine
Bacterial or virual? tooth decay, tyhoid fever, chlorea, bubonic plague, tetanus, diptheria bacteria
Bacterial or virual? yellow fever, rabies, influenza, small pox virual
Created by: biobob



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