Save
Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever
or

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
focusNode
Didn't know it?
click below
 
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Know
0:00
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Migraines/Seizures

New Guidelines for treatments/ various seizure types

QuestionAnswer
38% of all people get migraines at some time. What percentage of this population seek help or get primary prevention treatment? 1/3
Name 5 criteria for primary migraine headache prevention treatment 1. frequent attacks 2. acute medication overuse 3. acute medication ineffective/not tolerated 4. patient preference 5. migraines assoc. with weakness or other ...neurological symptoms
Name the 2 medications that were initially the 1st line choice for migraines. Gabapentin and Verapamil
Name the 2 now preferred medications for migraine headaches. Topiramate and Topamax
What is a chronic disorder or group of chronic disorders in which the indispensable feature is recurrence of seizures that are typically unprovoked & usually unpredictable? Epilepsy
What is a transient epileptic event? Seizure
Signs of seizures can be broadly classified into a limited no. of categories such as what? 1. alteration of consciousness 2. behavior, posture, tone 3. motor activity, tone, sensation 4. autonomic function
Describe simple partial seizures. changes in vision/hearing, odd feelings, staring, deja vu, trembling that moves up 1 side of the body
What are 2 types of seizures? 1. Generalized 2. Partial
What are complex partial seizures? bilateral spread of the seizure discharge at least to the basal forebrain & limbic areas
What are some symptoms of complex partial seizures? lip smacking, picking at clothes, disrobing, repeated phrases, unaware of danger or pain, automatisms (automatic actions independent of external stimuli
What is a generalized (tonic-clonic) seizure? [formerly called grand-mal seizure] generally, body stiffens, falls to the ground, emits a loud cry, muscle jerking. Activity begins symmetrically an synchronously. AKA both hemispheres/simultaneously.
What is an absent seizure? [formerly called peti-mal seizure] result in brief periods of impaired awareness. also may be small motor movements, changes in muscle tone or automatic behaviors
What are myoclonic seizures? Characterized by rapid brief muscle jerks. Can occur bilaterally or unilaterally. Range from isolated small movements to massive bilateral spasms
What are atonic seizures? Associated with a sudden loss of muscle tone in a limb or throughout the entire body. A person will often drop things or fall to the ground
True or False? An accurate history and description of the episode is vital to the diagnosis. True
Name 4 diagnostic considerations when treating seizure disorders. 1. EEG (consider video EEG monitoring) 2. CT scan 3. MRI of the brain 4. Complete lab workup
Name 4 differential diagnoses for seizures. 1. Migraines 2. Syncope 3. TIA 4. Non-epileptic events
Name 3 treatment options for seizures. 1. Conservative approach if isolated event. 2. Avoid provoking factors if identified 3. Medication: dilantin, phenobarbitol, depakote, tegretol, topamax, lamictal, neurontin, keppra, vimpat.
Created by: MissyGirl3971
Popular Nursing sets

 

 



Voices

Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards