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Medterm

Mod 3 Medterms, muscular/digestive system

TermDefinition
abduction movement of a limb away from the mid-line of the body
adduction movement of a limb toward the mid-line of the body
-algia pain
antiemetic medication administered to prevent or relive nausea vomiting
ascites an abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity
ataxia the lack of muscle coordination during voluntary movement
bi- twice, double, two
bradykinesia extreme slowness in movement
cachexia physical wasting away due to the loss of weight and muscle mass that occurs in patients with diseases such as advanced cancer or AIDS
-cele hernia, tumor, swelling
cholangitis an acute inflammation of the bile duct
cholecyst/o gallbladder
cholecystitis inflammation of the gallbladder, usually associated with gallstones
cholelithiasis the presence of gallstones in the gallbladder or bile ducts
cholecystectomy surgical removal of the gallbladder
circumduction the circular movement at the far end of a limb. An example would be swinging motion of the far end of an arm
DTR Deep tendon reflexes
diverticulitis inflammation or infection of one or more diverticula in the wall of the colon
dorsiflexion movement that bends the foot upward at the ankle
dys- bad, difficult, painful
dyskinesia distortion or impairment of voluntary movement
dysphagia difficulty in swallowing
dystonia a condition of abnormal muscle tone
-ectomy surgical removal, cutting out, excision
EMG electromyography
enter/o small intestine
enteritis inflammation of the small intestine caused by eating or drinking substances contaminated with viral or bacterial pathogens
epicondylitis inflammation of the tissues surrounding the elbow
esophag/o esophagus
fasci/o fascia, fibrous band
fibr/o fibrous tissue, fiber
gastr/o stomach, belly
gastroenteritis inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the stomach and intestines
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease(the upward flow of acid from the stomach into the esophagus)
hematemesis the vomiting of blood
hepat/o liver
hepatomegaly abnormal enlargement of the liver
hyperemesis extreme, persistent vomiting that can cause dehydration
hyperkinesia abnormally increased muscle function or activity
hypertonia excessive tone of skeletal muscles
hypotonia a condition in which there is diminished tone of the skeletal muscles
intermittent claudication pain in the leg muscles that occurs during exercise and is relieved by rest.
IBS irritable bowel syndrome also known as spastic colon
-lithiasis presence of stones
leukoplakia an abnormal white precancerous lesion(sore) that develops on the tongue or the inside of the cheek
my/o muscle
myocele protrusion of a muscle through its ruptured sheath
myoclonus the sudden, involuntary jerking of a muscle or group of muscles
myorrhaphy the surgical suturing of a muscle
-ostomy surgically creating an opening
-otomy surgical incision
paralysis the loss of sensation and voluntary muscle movements in a muscle
-phagia eating, swallowing
pronation act of rotating the arm or leg so that the palm of the hand or sold of the foot is turned downward or backward
quadriplegia paralysis of all four extremities
Created by: ksev