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5th Grade Geography

Vocabulary Terms

A group or chain of islands clustered together in a sea or ocean archipelago
a body of water that is partly enclosed by land (and is usually smaller than a gulf) bay
a man-made waterway used for transportation or irrigation canal
a deep valley with very steep sides canyon
a pointed piece of land that sticks out into a sea, ocean, lake or river cape
a map maker cartographer
a design on a map that shows direction compass rose
the directions "north," "south," "east," and "west" cardinal directions
the directions "north east," "north west," "south east," and "south west" intermediate directions
a very large land mass or "Africa," "Asia," "North America," "South America," "Australia," and "Antarctica" continent
a small horseshoe-shaped body of water along the coast cove
a low watery land formation at the mouth of a river delta
a very dry area of land desert
an imaginary line around the Earth, halfway between the north and south pole Equator
where a river meets the sea or ocean estuary
a long, narrow sea inlet that is bordered by steep cliffs fjord
the study of the Earth's surface geography
a natural hot spring that occasionally sprays water and steam above ground geyser
a slowly moving river of ice glacier
a raised area or mound of land hill
a part of the ocean (or sea) that is partly surrounded by land, usually larger than a bay gulf
land that is surrounded by water island
a narrow strip of land connecting two larger landmasses, and surrounded by water on two sides isthmus
a small table accompanying a map that explains the symbols used key or legend
a shallow body of water that is located alongside a coast and separated from the ocean by a strip of land lagoon
a large body of water surrounded by land on all sides lake
imaginary lines that run east-west around the earth parallel of latitude
imaginary lines that pass through the North and South Poles, running north-south meridian of longitude
a graphic representation of a place map
the ratio between the distance between two points found on a map as compared to the actual distance between these two points in the real world map scale
a type of freshwater, brackish water, or saltwater wetland that is found along rivers, ponds, lakes, and coasts marsh
land that is very tall and higher than the surrounding land mountain
a large body of salt water that surrounds a continent ocean
a body of land that is surrounded by water on three sides peninsula
a map that shows the natural physical features of an area physical map
large areas of flat land plain
a large flat area of land that is higher than the surrounding land plateau
a map that shows cultural features, like boundaries of countries, states, provinces, and cities political map
a small body of water surrounded by land-smaller than a lake pond
a wide flat area of land that has grass and only a few trees prairie
the meridian of longitude that passes through Greenwich, England Prime Meridian
a large, flowing body of water that usually empties into a sea or ocean river
a map that shows the major an minor highways road map
a large body of salty water that is often connected to an ocean sea
a narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water strait
a stream or river that flows into a larger river tributary
a low place between mountains valley
Created by: Ms. Levant