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Nursing Assistant

Nursing assistant abbreviations A - F

QuestionAnswer
^ (up arrow) up elevate increase
v (down arrow) down decrease
"H", SC, or sub q   hypodermic or subcutaneous  
(L)   left  
(R)   right  
/d   per day  
@   at  
~   approximately  
<   Less Than  
>   More Than  /greater than
1*   Primary  
2*   Secondary  
30 ml   one ounce  
a artery  
a (line over it)   before  
a fib or a. fib atrial fibrillation  
A&O   alert & oriented  
A&P   ausculation and percussion  
A&P   anterior/posterior  
A&W   alive and well  
a. flutter   atrial flutter  
a.c.   before meals  
A.L.S.   amyotrophic lateral sclerosis  
a.m.   before noon (morning)  
A.M.A   american medical association  
a.m.a.   against medical advice  
A.P.   anterior-posterior  
a/an-   without  
A/E   above elbow  
a/e/b   as evidenced by  
A/G ration   albumin/globulin ratio  
aa   arteries  
aa   Repetition of same quanity for each item  
aa   of each  
AAA   abdominal arotic aneurysm  
AAA   ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSM  
AAD   acute arotic dissection  
AAO   awake, alert, & oriented  
AAROM   active assist ROM  
AB   abortions  
ABC   apples, bananas, cereal  
abd   abdomen /abdominal  
ABD   abduction  
ABG   arterial blood gases  
Abn   abnormal  
ABR Absolute Bed rest
AC   acromioclavicular  
ac  (line over it) before meals  
ACBE   air control barium enema  
Acc   accompanied, or accomodation  
acc.   accomodation  
Accom   accommodation  
Acet   acetone, or acetaminophen  
ACI   aftercare instructions  
Acid phos   acid phosphate  
ACLS   advance cardiac life support  
ACTH   adrenocorticotrophic hormone  
AD   advance directive  
AD   Right ear  
AD   alzheimer disease  
ad lib   as desired, if patient desires ,as often as desired,as needed
ad sat.   to saturation  
ADA   American Diabetes Assoc.  
Add   adduction  
ADD   Attention Deficit Disorder  
adenoCA   adenocarcinoma  
ADH   antidiuretic hormone  
ADHC   Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder  
ADL, ADLs   activities of daily living  
Adm   admission  
adm.   admitted,admission  
admov.   apply  
AF   atrial fibrillation  
AFB   acid fast bacilli  
AFE   aminiotic fluid embolus  
AFP   alpha feto protein  
AGA   average gestational age  
AgNo3   silver nitrate  
AH   abdominal hysterectomy  
AHA   american hospital association  
AHA   American Heart Association  
AHD   acute hemodialysis  
AHRQ   Agency for Healthcare, Research, and Quality  
AI   aortic incompetence  
AI/A. insuf.   aortic insufficiency  
AICD   AUTOMATIC INTERNAL CARDIAC DEFIBRILLATOR  
AIDS   Acquired Immununodeficiency Syndrome  
AK   above the knee  
AKA   above the knee amputation  
aka   also known as  
AKA   above knee amputation  
AL Assisted Living  
Alb   albumin  
Alk   alkaline  
Alk. Phos/alk.p'tase   alkaline phosphate  
ALL   acute lymphoblastic leukemia  
ALOC   altered level of consciousness  
ALS   advance life support  
ALS   amyotrophic lateral sclerosis  
alt. dieb.   every other day  
alt. hor.   every other hour  
Am   before noon  
am, Am   morning  
AMA Against Medical Advice
amb   ambulate  
Amb  , amb. ambulation/ambulatory  
AMI   acute myocardial infarction  
AML   acute myelocytic leukemia  
Amp   amputation  
amp.   ampule  
amt. or amt  amount  
ANA   antinuclear antibody  
ANA   American Nurses Association  
Anes   anesthesia  
Ant  or ant anterior  
ante  or ante-   before  
AODM   adult onset diabetes mellitus  
ap   apical
AP&lat   anterior, posterior, & lateral  
AP, A/P   anteroposterior  / anterior-posterior  
APAP   acetaminophen  
APN   advanced practice nurse  
app   application  
Approx   approximately  
appy   appendectomy  
APS   Adult Protective Services  
AQ, aq ,Aq water  
aq. frig.   cold water  
AR/aort. Regurge   aortic regurgitation  
ARC   AIDS-related complex  
ARDS   adult respiratory distress syndrome  
ARF   acute renal failure  
ARM/AROM   active range of motion , Artificial rupture of membranes  
AROM   ACTIVE Range Of Motion  
arthro-   joint  
AS   Left ear  
as tol   as tolerated  
AS/aort. Sten   aortic stenosis  
ASA/asa   acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)  
ASAP   as soon as possible  
ASCVD   arteriosclerotic cerebrovascular disease  
ASD   atrial septal defect  
ASHD   arteriosclerotic heart disease  
asp   aspirate  
ASPUD   arteriosclerotic peripheral vascular disease  
assist.   assistance  
ASVD   arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease  
At.wt   atomic weight  
AV or A/V   artrial/ventricular or arterial/venous  
av.   avoirdupois  
AV/AF   anteverted/anteflexed  
Avg.   average  
AW   anterior wall  
Ax  or ax axillary axis  (armpit)
AxR or XR ABD   abdominal x-ray  
AZT   zidovudine (retrovir)  
b   beta  
B&B   bowel and bladder  
B, bil, bilat   bilateral  
b.c.   bone conduction  
b.i.n.   twice a night  
B/E   below elbow  
B/P, or bp   Blood Pressure  
B; bil.   bilateral  
Ba   barium  
BA   blood alcohol  
BAC   blood alcohol concentration  
BACOP   Bleomycin, adriomycin, cytoxan, Oncovin, and prednisone  
Bands   banded neutrophils  
BB   backward bend  
BBB   bundle branch block  
BBS   bilateral breath sounds  
BCP   benu, cytoxan, prednisone  
BE   barium enema  
BF   breast feeding  
BGDR   background diabetic retinopathy  
bi-   twice  
bib.   drink  
BID or bid or b.i.d. twice a day or  twice per day
bili   bilirubin  
BIPAP   biphasic positve airway pressure  
BJME   bones, joints, muscle, extremities  
BK   below the knee  
BKA   below the knee amputation  
bld blood
BLS   basic life support  
BM or bm Bowel movement
BMI   body mass index  
BMO   bilateral mandibular osteotomy  
BMP   basic metabolic panel  
BMR   basal metabolic rate  
BNO   bladder neck obstruction  
BOA   born out of asepsis  
BOM   bilateral otis media  
BOW   bags of water  
BP or B/P  or B.P. blood pressure  
BPD   bronchopulmonary displasia or Boderline Personality Disorder  
BPH   benign prostatic hyperplasia also benign prostatic hypertrophy  
bpm   beats per minute  
BR   bed rest  
BR   bathroom  
Brady   brady cardia  
brady-   slow  
BRBPR   bright red blood per rectum  
Bronch.   bronchoscopy  
BRP   bathroom privileges, up to bathroom only  
BS   bedside  
BS   blood sugar or breath sounds  
BS   blood sugar  
bs; BS   breath sounds  
BSA   body surface area  
BSC   bedside commode  
BSE   breast self examination  
BSN   Bachelor of Science in Nursing  
BSO   bilateral salpingo oophorectomy  
BTB   back to bed  
BTL   bilateral tubal litigation  
BTP   BREAK THRU PAIN  
BUN   blood, urea, and nitrogen  
BVM   bag valve mask  
BW   birth weight  
Bx,bx   biopsy  
C   calorie  
C   Celsius/Centigrade  
C & S   culture and sensitivity  
c (line above)   with  
C&S   Culture and sensitivity  
C.C.   chief complaint  
c.m.s.   to be taken tomorrow morning  
c.n.   tomorrow night  
c.n.s.   to be taken tomorrow night  
C/O  or c/o complains of  
C/S   culture and sensitivity  
C/sec or C/S   Cesarean Section  
C1-C7   cervical vertebrae 1-7  
CA   carcinoma/ cancer  
Ca   calcium  
ca.   about/approximately  
CAD   coronary artery disease  
cal   calories  
Cal   large calorie  
Cal. Ca   calculated calcium  
CAP   let thet Pt. take a capsule  
CAP   cytoxan, adriamycin, cis-platinum  
Cap   capsule, capillary  
CAP   community acquired pneumonia  
Cap. Gas   capillary blood gas  
CAPD   continuous ambulatory perotoneal dialysis  
caps   capsule  
cardio-   pertaining to heartq  
CAT   computerized axial tomography  
cath  or Cath catheter or catheterization   or catheterize
CAV   cytoxan, adriamycin, vencristine  
CBB   complete bed-bad  
CBC   complete blood count  
CBE   clinical breast examination  
CBI   continuous bladder irrigation  
CBR   complete bed rest  
CBS   chronic brain syndrome  
cc   cubic centimeter  
CC   chief complaint  
cc   with meals  
CCS   California Children's Services  
CCU   Critical care unit or coronary care unit;  Cardiac Care Unit  
CDC   Center of disease control  
CDF   California Department of Forestry  
CEA   carino embroyonic antigen  
centi-   1/100  
cerebro-   brain  
CEUs   continuing education units  
cg   centigram  
CGA   contact-guard assist  
cgm   centigram  
CHD   Congestive heart disease  
CHF   Congestive heart failure  
CHI   CLOSED HEAD INJURY  
chloe   Cholesysectomy  
chole-   gall, bile  
Chr   chronic  
CI   cardiac index  
CI   chloride  
circle w/ arrow   male  
circle w/ cross under   female  
CK   creatine kinase  
CKD   chronic kidney disease  
Cl   chlorine, clear  
cl liq clear liquid
cm   centimeters  
CMF   cytoxan, methotrexate, 5-fluoracil  
CML   chronic myelocytic leukemia  
CMP   complete metabolic panel  
CMS circulation, sensation, movement  
CMV   cytomegalo virus  
CNA   certified nursing assistant  
CNM   certified nurse midwife  
CNS   central nervous system  
CNS   clinical nurse specialist  
CNS   central nervous system  
co, c/o   complains of  , in care of
CO2   carbon dioxide  
commode   bedside toilet  
Comp   compound or coplete or compensation  
comp.   compounded  
Cont   continuous or continued  
COPD   chronic obstructive pulmonary disease  
CP   cerebral palsy  
CPAP   continous positive pressure ventilation  
CPD   caphalopelvic disproportion  
CPK   creatinine phosphokinase  
CPM   continuous passive range of motion  
CPR Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
CPS   Child Protective services  
CR   conditioned reflex  
Creat   creatinine  
CRF   chronic renal failure  
Crit   critical  
CRNA   certified registered nurse anesthetist  
CRP   C-reactive protein  
CRS   cardiorespiratory system  
CS   cesarean section  
Cs   cesium  
C-section   cesarean section  
CSF   cerebrospinal fluid  
CSM   circulation, sensation, movement  
C-spine   cervical spine  
CT   computerized tomography  
CT scan, CAT scan   computed (axial) tomography scan  
CTA   catamenial (menses)  
CTAP   clear to auscilation and percussion  
CTR   cardiothoracic ratio  
CTX   contractions  
CV   cardiovascular  
CVA   cerebrovascular accident (stroke)  
cva   costovertebral angle  
CVC   central venous catheter  
CVP   central venous pressure  
CVS Cardiovascular  System
CWS   Child Welfare Services  
CX   culture or cross  
CXP   chest pain  
CXR   chest x-ray  
cyan-   blue  
Cysto   cystoscopic examination  
cysto-   bladder  
cyto-   cell  
d   day  
D   diopeter/dose  
d   density  
D   day  
D & C  or D and C dilation (dilatation) and curettage  
d. bili   direct bilirubin  
D.A.A.T.   developmental age assessment tool  
D.O.   Doctor of Osteopathy  
D/C   discontinue or discharge  
d/c  or dc or DC discharge; discontinue  
d/c (do not use)   discharge  
D1-D12   dorsal vertebrae 1-12  
D5W   5% dextrose in water  
dangle   sit at edge of bed, legs over side  
DAT   diet as tolerated  
Db   decibels  
DBP   diastolic bloop pressure  
DD   developmentally disabled  
DDS   doctor of dental surgery  
decub   decubitis (lying) position  
delta sign (triangle)   change  
Derm   dermatology  
derm-   skin  
det.   let it be given  
DHHS   department of health and human services  
DI   deciliter  
Diag/dx   diagnosis  
DIE   died in emergency room  
dieb. alt.   every other day  
dieb. tert.   every third day  
Diff   differential blood count  
diff   differential  
Dil  or dil.   dilute  
dim.   halved  
DIP   distal interphalangeal joint  
diplo-   double  
disch; DC  or Disch   discharge  
DIT   died in transit (ambulance)  
DJD   DEGENERATIVE JOINT DISORDER  
dk   dark  
DKA   DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS  
DM   diabetes mellitus  
DME   durable medical equipment  
DNI   DO NOT INTUBATE  
DNR Do Not Resuscitate
DNS   deviated nasal septum  
DNSc   doctor of nursing science  
DO   doctor of osteopathy  
DOA   dead on arrival or date of admission  
DOB   date of birth  
DOC, DOOC   diabetes out of control  
DOE   dyspnea on exertion  
DON   director of nursing  
DPT   Diptheria, Pertussis, Tetanus  vaccine  
dr.   dram  
Dr.   doctor  
DRG   diagnostic related groupings  
Drsg  or drsg ,dsg or drsg or Dsg dressing  
DSA   digital subtraction angiography  
DTR   deep tendon reflexes  
DT's  or DT delirium tremens  
DU   duodenal ulcer  
DUB   dysfunctional uterine bleeding  
dur. dolor   while pain lasts  
DVT   deep vein thrombosis  
Dx  or dx or DX Diagnosis  
dys-   difficulty  
E   eye  
E   enema  
E. coli   escherichia coli  
e.g.   for example  
Ea, ea.  Or ea each  
EBL   estimated blood loss  
EC   ENTERIC COATED  
ECF   extended care faciltiy  
ECG or EKG Electrocardiogram
Echo   echocardiogram  
Echo virus   enterocryptopathogenic human orphan virus  
ECT   electroconvulsive therapy  
ED   emergency department  
EDC   estimated date of confinment  
EEG   electroencephalogram (device to measure activity of brain)  
EENT   eyes, ears, nose and throat  
EENT   Eye ear nose throat  
EFM   Electronic Fetal Monitor  
EFOB   elevate foot of bed  
EGD   Esophagogastroduodenoscopy  
EKG/ECG   electrocardiogram  
elix  or ELIX or Elix elixir  
EMG   electromyelogram  
EMT (I or II)   emergency medical technician  
EMTALA   Emergency Medical Treatment & Labor Act  
encephalo-   brain  
ENT   ear nose and throat  
entero-   intestine  
EOA   esophageal oral airway  
EOM   extraocular movement  or extraocular muscles
Eos   eosinophils  
Epi   epinephrine  
Epith   epithelium or epithelial  
ER   emergency room  
ER   external rotation  
ER/ED   emergency room/ department  
erythro-   red  
ESP   extrasensory perception  
ESR   erythrocyte sedimentation rate  
ESRD   end-stage renal disease  
EST   electroshock therapy  
est.   estimated  
ESWL   extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy  
ET   endotracheal tube  
et   and  
Et al   and others  
ETA   estimated time of arrival  
etc   and so on  
etio.  Or Etiol   etiology  
etiol. unk.   Etiology unknown  
ETOH   alcohol  
EUA   examination under anesthesia  
EV   eversion  
Ex   exercise  
exam   examination  
Exc   excsion  
Exp   expiration  
Exp. Lap   exploratory laparotomy  
Ext   extension or extremity  
Ext.  Or ext extract/external  
Extr   extract  
F   Fahrenheit  
F   Fahrenheit or female  
F  or f female  
F.U.O.   fever of unknown origin  
F/U, f/u follow-up
FBS   FASTING BLOOD SUGAR  
FD   fatal dose/focal distance  
febri-   fever  
FF   force fluids  , freqsuent fluid
FiO2   fraction of inspired oxygen  
fl  or Fld   fluid  
fl dr   fluidram  
fl oz   fluidounce  
FMH   Family Medical History  
FOB   foot of bed  
Fr, Fx   fracture  
FSBS Fingerstick Blood sugar
ft   foot  
FUO   fever of unknown origin  
FWB Full weight bearing
FWW   front wheeled walker  
fx.  Fx  or fx or fx. Or FX Fracture, fractional  
FYI For your information
Created by: marycurran