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Bragg Plants

Photosynthesis Process by which plants make their own food
Transpiration Process by which water evaporates from the surface of a leaf through microscopic pores known as stomata
Cellular Respiration Process by which cells produce the energy needed to survive
Dormancy Period of time when the growth or activity of a plant or seed stops due to changes in temperature or amount of water
Tropism Plants can respond by moving their stems, roots, or leaves toward or away from a stimulus
Reactants of Photosynthesis Sunlight (Energy) + Carbon Dioxide + Water
Products of Photosynthesis Oxygen + Glucose
Reactants of Cellular Respiration Oxygen + Glucose
Products of Cellular Respiration Carbon Dioxide + Water + ATP (Energy)
Life Cycle of a Flower Seed --> Sprout --> Bud --> Flower
Four main parts of a flower Roots, Stem, Leaf, Flower
Fibrous Root System All roots are the same size
Tap Root System Primary root grows longer and thicker than secondary roots
2 Primary Functions of Roots Absorb water and nutrients AND Anchors plant
9 Parts of Flower Reproduction Petals, Sepal, Stamen, Anthers, Filaments, Pistil, Stigma, Style, Ovary
Female Parts of the Flower Pistil: Stigma, Style, Ovary
Male Parts of the Flower Stamen: Anther, Filament
Petals Colorful, attract pollinators
Sepals Special leaves that form a ring around the petal/protect the flower while it's a bud
Stamen Male part of the flower
Anthers Tip of stamen, make pollen
Filaments Hold up the anthers
Pistil Female part of the flower
Stigma Sticky part of the pistil, where pollen lands and fertilization begins
Style Long stalk that supports the stigma, pollen travels through the tube to reach the ovary
Ovary Part that holds the seeds
Chloroplast Organelle that converts energy to food for the cell, where photosynthesis occurs
Mitochondria Powerhouse of the cell, where cellular respiration occurs
Stomata Opening in a leaf or stem of a plant that enables the gas exchange of CO2 and O2
Chlorophyll Pigments that traps light energy and makes plant green
2 reasons photosynthesis is important to humans 1. produces oxygen 2. provides energy for most living things
Vascular Plants Have a well-developed system for transporting H2O and food
Nonvascular Plants Do not have a well-developed system for transporting H2O and food
Xylem transports H2O and minerals from roots to rest of plant
Phloem transports food from leaves to rest of plant
Angiosperms flowering plants
Gymnosperms cone bearing plants
Monocots one food storage area
Dicots two food storage areas
Geotropism response to gravity, roots grow in direction of gravity, stems grow in the opposite direction
Phototropism response to light
Hydrotropism response to water sources. Roots will follow water
Thigmotropism response to touch
Created by: ndmsteach