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Med Term MOD 3

Chapter 4 & 8

TermDefinition
Abduction Movement of limb AWAY from the midline of the body
Adduction Movement of limb TOWARD the midline of the body
Antiemetic Medicine to prevent nausea and vommiting
Ascites abnormal accumulation of erous fluid in the peritoneal cavity
Ataxia Lack of muscle coordination during involuntary movement
Bi- Twice, double, two
Bradykinesia extreme slowness in movement
Cachexia physical wasting away due to the loss of weight and muscle mass
-cele hernia, tumor, swelling
Cholangitis infection of the bile duct
Cholecystectomy surgical removal of the gallbladder
Cholelithiasis presence of gall stones in the gall bladder or bile duct
Circumduction cuircular movement at the far end of limb
Colonoscopy direct visual examination of the inner surface
DTR deep tendon reflexes
Divertculitis inflammation or infection of the diverticulum in colon
Dorsiflexton movement that bend the foot upward at the ankle
dys- bad, painful, difficult
dyskinesia impairment of voluntary movement: tick or spasm
Dysphagia difficult in swallowing
Dystonia abnormal muscle tone that causes impairment of voluntary muscle movement
-ectomy surgical removal
EMG Electromyography
enter/o small intestine
Enteritis inflammation of the small intestine
Epicondylitis inflammation of tissue surrounding the elbow
esophag/o esophagus
fasci/o fibrous band
Fascitis inflammation of fascia
fibr/o fibrous connective tissue
gastr/o stomach
Gastroenteritic inflammation of the mucous membrane lining stomach and intestines
Gerd gastroesophageal reflux disorder
Hematemesis vomiting of blood
hepat/o liver
Hepatomegaly abnormal enlargement of the liver
Hyperemesis extreme, persistent vomiting can cause dehydration
Hyperkinesia abnormally increase muscle function or activity
Hypertonia exsessive tone of the skeletal muscles
Hypotonia diminished tone of skeletal muscles
Intermittent Claudication pain in leg muscle, occurs during exercise releaved by rest
IBS Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Leukoplakia abnormal white precancerous patches in the mouth
-lithiasis presence of stones
my/o muscle
Myocele Herniation of muscle
Myoclonus sudden, involuntary jerking of a muscle or group of muscles
Myorrhaphy surgical suturing a muscle
-ostomy surgical procedure to create an artifical opening between an organ and the body surface
-otomy surgical incision
Paralysis loss of sensation and voluntary muscles movement
-phagia swallowing
Pronation turing the palm of the hand toward the back or posterior
Quadriplegia paralysis of all four extremities
Neuromuscular pertaining to the relationship between a nerve and muscle
ROM Range of motion
Singultus hiccups
Tenodesis surgical suturing of the end of a tendon to a bone
Tenolysis freeing a tendon from adhesions
Volvulus twisting of the intestine on itself, causing an obstruction
Cholecyst/o gallbladder
-algia pain
Cholecystalgia pain in the gallbladder
Created by: Rachelle.Spencer