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Ch.15

Study Guide

QuestionAnswer
List the examples of local winds. Land & Sea Breeze
What are auroras and where are they found? Lights found in the Ionoshpere
Our ozone layer absorbs witch type of harmful radiation from the sun? UV Rays
How much oxygen and carbon dioxide is found in our air? 0=21% CO2=Less then 1%
Witch global wind blows away from the piles to the west? Polar Eastalies
What are the 2 most abundant gases found in the air? Nitrogen & Oxygen
Describe air pressure. The measure of force the amount of air molicuils are pressed down on a certain space
What happens to air pressure as latitude increases? As latitude increases, air preasure decreases
Describe jet steams. Nerrow Belts of high speed winds
What is the green house effect? The Proces witch the gases in the atmoshpere that is aborbed
Explain the 3 ways the heat is tansferred. Conduction=Direct Contact Covection=Engergy threw liquid and gas Radiation= EM Waves
Where do trade winds flow toward? Equater
What does Coriolis Effect make the winds do? Make Winds curve
Describe the doldrums. Where Trade Winds meet at the Equater
What is the Ozone layer? Where is it found? Stratoshpere
Describe the Thermosphere. The uppest most layer of the Atmoshpere.
What is the most common atmosheric gas? Nitrogen
What parts of the Earth cools off faster and heats up faster? what does the unequal heating create? Land cool faster and heats faster, creates Winds
What is Smoge? Air Pollution + Fog
Desribe the movement of the convection currents. The reapeating force of coling heating
Witch instument measures air pressure? Barometer
What is significan about the troposphere? Weather happens there
What kind of ways have humans created air pollution Buring fossile fuils
What is another name for the distance above sea level? Elevation or Altitude
What are global winds? Combination of Convection cells every 30*
What does the name of a wind tell you? Where the Wind is coming from
How much of the sun's engergy actually reaches Earth? 2 billianth
What prperty are the layers of the atmoshpere based on? Temp.
Which calm area is located around 30 derees north and south latitude? Horse latitudes
What is the atmoshpere? Layer of Gasses souronding the Earth protecting us from the UV rays
List the 3 global winds and the 2 calm area? Global Winds= Polar Easterlies, Westerlies & trade winds Calm=Horse Latidues & Dolrums
What is global warming? Increase of Temp. thats not natrual
If are mas encreases what happens to density? Air Mass increase, Density Increase
What type of winds blow over short distances? Local Winds
How are all winds created? Unequal heating of the Earths Surface
Created by: SoftDisk