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Global Patterns

What I need to know for my Global Patterns test.

QuestionAnswer
Define energy The ability to do work or cause change
Define kinetic energy The energy of motion
give an example of kinetic energy A bowling ball
Define potential energy Energy that is stored and held in readiness
give an example of potential energy A bow pulled back and ready to shoot an arrow
List the 6 forms of energy electromagnetic, thermal, nuclear, electrical, mechanical, chemical
Example of electromagnetic energy microwaves
Example of electrical energy energy carried by powerlines
Example of mechanical energy wind
Example of nuclear energy energy in the sun
Example of thermal energy energy that melts ice cream
Example of chemical energy gasoline
Describe the path of energy from the sun to a light bulb by way of a windmill. Which form is the energy being converted into during each step? sun: nuclear to electromagnetic, air: electromagnetic to mechanical, windmill: mechanical to electrical, light bulb: electrical to electromagnetic
What happens to water (liquid) that gains energy? The water evaporates
What happens to water vapor (gas) that loses energy? The water condenses and may eventually freeze
Describe what happens when cold water is on top of warm water they mix
describe why they mix when cold water is on top of warm water warm water rises
describe what happens when warm water is on top of cold water they don't mix
describe why they don't mix when warm water is on top of cold water. cold water is more dense
describe what happens when salt water is on top of fresh water they mix
describe why they mix when salt water is on top if fresh water salt water us more dense
describe what happens when fresh water is on top of salt water they don't mix
describe why they don't mix when fresh water is on top of salt water fresh water is less dense
Describe what drives deep water currents Different densities
Describe what drives surface water currents wind
Name and describe the location and temperature of any one surface current in the ocean. the gulf stream starts at the gulf of mexico and goes up the coast of north america and it is a warm current
Describe an impact that surface currents can have on people or the environment. it can influence the climate of coastal areas
What form of energy do we get from the sun? electromagnetic
Describe the types of heat transfer that take place from the sun to our atmosphere. Use the words radiation, conduction, and convection. heats the ground with radiation, air molecules touching ground by conduction, air molecules heating atmosphere by convection
Define wind movement of air from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure
Which is denser, cold air or warm air? cold air
Which has greater pressure, cold air or warm air? cold air
If the air over the ocean is 22 degrees and the air over the land is 28 degrees, which way will the wind blow? from the ocean to the land
why will it blow from the ocean to the land? the air over the ocean is more dense
what kind of wind is it blowing from the ocean to the land? sea breeze
Name the calm areas between the Prevailing Westerlies and the Tradewinds. horse latitudes
Name the calm area between the North Tradewinds and the South Tradewinds. doldrums
Define tornado. whirling columns of air
List 4 conditions under which it is likely a tornado will form in the Great Plains region, late spring or early summer, late afternoon, thunderstorms
Where is Tornado Alley located? region in the midwest USA overlapping the great plains
Created by: edenbreslauer