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Elements of Fiction

English Reading Elements

theme the central idea or unifying generaization implied or stated by a literary work: usually reveals something about the experience of being human: not a moral or a lesson; its all about the theme.
character individuals involved in a story
protagonist central character in a story
antagonist any force in a sotry that is in conflict with the protagonist
flat character that is summed up in one or two traits
round complex and many-sided character
stock stereotype character; nature is familiar to us from prototypes in previous literature
static same sort of person at the end of a story as he/she was at the beginning
dynamic individual who during the sotry undergoes a premanent change in some aspect of his character or outlook
setting the context in a time and place in which the ation of a story occurs
plot the sequence of incidents or events of which a story is composed
exposition background information that is needed to understand the sotry properl is provided; includes the protagonist, the antagonist, the basic conflict, the setting, and so forth.
conflict clas of actions, desires, ideas or goals in the plot of a story-man vs.man -man vs. environment-man vs. circumstances -man vs. society-man vs. himself
rising action the developement in a story that precedes and leads up to a climax
climax the turning point or high point in a plot
falling action segment of the plot that coems between the climax and the conclusion
denouencement (conclusion, resolution) portion of a plot that reveals the final outome of its conflicts or the solution of its mysteries
poin of view the angle of vision from which a story is told
first person story is told by one of its charaters, using the first person(I, me)
third person limited omniscient narrator tells the story, using the thurd person, but limits himself to a complete knowledge of one character in the story and tells us only what that one character thinks, feels, sees, or hears
third person omniscient autor tells the story, using the third person; he knows all and is free to tell us anything, including what the characters are thinking or feeling and why they act as they do
diction an author's choice of words
connotation a word's emotional content
denotation a words's dictionary definition
imatery a word or group of words in a literary work which appeal to one or more of the senses: sight, taste,touch, hearing, and smell
metaphor igure of spech in which an implicit comparison is made between two things that are essentially unalike
simile figure of speech in which and explicit comparison is mae between two unlike things using words such as like, as, or seems
personification figure of speech in which human attributes are given to an animal,object, or concept
hyperbole figure of speech in which exageration is used in the service o truth
allusion a refrence, explicit or implicit, to something in previos literature or history
irony a situation, or use of language, involving some kind of incongruity or discrepancy
verbalirony figure of speech in which that which is ment is the opposite of what is said
situational irony situation in which there is an incongruity between actual circumstances and those that would seem appropriate or between what is anticipated and what acutally comes to pass
dramatic irony situation in which the words and actions of the characters of a work of literaure have a different meaning for the reader than they do for the characters because the reader has a greater knowledge than the characters themselves
tone the authors attitued,stated or implied, toward a subject. Some possible attitues are pessimism, optmism, earnestness seriousness, bitterness, humorous, and joyfun. An author's tone can be revealed through choice of words and details.
Created by: lovepeaceanna