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Kozier Chapter 20

Nursing 1A

QuestionAnswer
Development Increase in complexity of function
Temperament the way individuals respond to their external and internal environment-sets the stage for the interactive dynamics of growth and development.
Growth Physical change and increase in size. Can be measured quantitatively. Indicators include: height, weight, bone size, and dentition. Rapid during prenatal, neonatal, infancy, adolescent stages, slow during childhood.
Maturation Differentiation and refining of abilities and skills, based on an in-born "timetable"
Personality A complex concept that is difficult to define can be considered as the outward-interpersonal expression of the inner-intrapersonal self
Unconscious Mind Part of a person's mental life of which the person is unaware.
Id Resides in the unconscious and operating on the pleasure principle, seeks immediate pleasure and gratification.
Ego Realistic part of the person, balances the gratification demands of the id w. the limitations of social and physical circumstances.
Defensive mechanisms, Adaptive mechanisms These are result of conflicts bw the id's impulses and the anxiety created by the conflicts due to social and environmental restrictions.
Superego
Libido Proposed by Freud-dynamic psychic energy-the underlying motivation to human development.
Fixation Immobilization/inability of the personality to proceed to the next stage because of anxiety .
Development stages Erikson's theory, levels of achievement
Developmental task task which arises at or about a certain period in the life of an individual, successful achievement of which lead his/her happiness to success w. later tasks, failure=unhappy.
Attachment Freud hypothesized this lasting,strong emotional bonds to others.
Cognitive development refers to the manner which people learn to think, reason and use language and other symbols. Involves a person's intelligence, perceptual ability and ability to process information.
Assimilation Process which humans encounter and react to new situations by using the mechanisms they already possess.
Accommodation
Moral relating to "right and wrong"
Morality Refer to the requirements necessary for people to live together in society.
Moral Behavior Way a person perceives those requirements and responds to them.
Adaptation Coping behavior-ability to handle the demands made by the environment.
Created by: moxleyjulene