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Protein Synthesis

TermDefinition
nucleic acid DNA and RNA are this type of biomolecule
mRNA carries the genetic code from the nucleus to the ribosome to make a protein
rRNA found on the ribosome
tRNA has an anticodon and brings in the amino acid
RNA single strand, contains uracil, has ribose sugar
DNA double strand, contains thymine, has deoxyribose sugar
DNA and RNA phosphate-sugar backbone, nucleic acids, adenine, guanine, cytosine, nucleotides
transcription DNA to mRNA
translation mRNA to protein
replication DNA to DNA
mutation change in the DNA sequence that affects the genetic information
point mutation substitution is an example; usually only affects one amino acid
frameshift mutation insertion and deletion are examples; usually changes entire message
codon three bases such as AGG
Created by: JMHSBIO