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Medical terminology

Brady basic Chapter 5 -

four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location of a pain or injury Abdominol Quadrants
the pelvic socket into which the ball of the proximal end of the femur fits to form the hip joint acetabulum
the joint where the acromion and the clavicle meet acromioclavicular joint
the highest portion of the shoulder acromion process
the conversion of glucose into energy by the use of oxygen aerobic metabolism
the microscopic sacs of the lungs where gas exchange with the bloodstream takes place Alveoli
the conversion of glucose into energy by without the use of oxygen anaerobic metabolism
the standard reference position for the body in the study of anatomy. anatomical position
the study of body structure Anatomy
the front of the body or body part Anterior
the largest artery in the body. Aorta
a small tube located near the junction of the small and large intestines in the RLQ of the abdomen, the function of which is not well understood. Appendix
the smallest kind of artery Arteriole
any blood vessel carrying blood away from the heart artery
the two upper chambers of the heart. The right one gets unoxygenated blood from the body. The left one gets oxygen-rich blood from the lungs. Atria
the ability of the heart to generate and conduct electrical impulses of it's own. Automaticity
the division of the peripheral nervous system that controls involuntary motor functions Automatic Nervous System
the term for "on both sides" bilateral
the round sac-like organ of the renal system used as a reservoir for urine. bladder
the pressure caused by blood exerting force against the walls of blood vessels blood pressure
artery of the upper arm, the site of the pulse checked in infant CPR. brachial artery
the two large sets of branches that come off the trachea and enter the lungs bronchiol
the heel bone calcaneus
a thin walled microscopic blood vessel where the oxygen/carbon dioxide and nutrient/waste exchange with the body's cells take place. capillary
a system of specialized muscle tissue that conducts electrical impulses that stimulates the heart to beat. Cardiac conduction system
specialize involuntary muscle found only in the heart Cardiac muscle
the system made of the heart and the blood vessels Cardiovascular System
the large neck arteries, one on each side of the neck, that carry blood from the heart to the head Carotid arteries
the wrist bones carpals
the brain and spinal cord central nervous system
the central pulses carotid and femoral
the collarbone clavicle
blood vessels that supply the muscle of the heart coranary arteries
the top, back, and sides of the skull cranium
the ring shaped structure that forms the lower portion of the Larynyx Cricoid cartilage
the inner layer of skin, rich in blood vessels and nerves, found beneath the epidermis Dermis
the muscular structure that divides that chest cavity from the abdominal cavity Diaphragm
the pressure in the arteries when the left ventricle is refilling diastolic blood pressure
system by which food travels through the body and is broken down into absorbable forms digestive system
further away from the torso distal
referring to the back of the body or the back of the hand or foot dorsal
artery supplying the foot, dorsalis pedis
system of glands that produce chemicals called hormones that help to regulate many body activities and functions endocrine system
The layer of skin that contains no blood vessels or nerves is the epidermis
a leaf shaped structure that prevents food and foreign matter from entering the trachea Epiglottis
a hormone produced by the body as a medication. Epinephrine
a passive process in which the intercostal muscles and the diaphragm relax, causing the chest cavity to decrease in size and air to flow out of the lungs Exhalation
the major artery supplying the leg Femoral Artery
the large bone of the thigh Femur
the lateral and smaller bone of the lower leg Fibula
a sitting position Fowler Position
a sac on the underside of the liver that stores bile produced by the liver Gallbladder
the proximal opening of the trachea Glottic Opening
the bone of the upper arm, between the shoulder and the elbow Humerous
inadequate perfusion of the cells and tissues of the body caused by insufficient flow of the blood through the capillaries Hypoperfusion
the free floating bone in the neck that provides structure to the larynx Hyoid Bone
the superior and widest portion of the pelvis Illium
away from the head; Inferior
an active process in which the intercostal muscles and the diaphragm contract, expanding the size of the chest cavity and causing air to flow into thew lungs inhalation
a hormone produces by the pancreas or taken as a medication by diabetics insulin
muscle that responds automatically to brain signals but cannot be consciously controlled involuntary Muscles
the lower posterior portion of the pelvis Ischium
the point where two bones come together Joint
organs of the renal system used to filter blood and regulate fluid levels in the body Kidney
the muscular tube that removes water from waste products received from the small intestines and removes anything absorbed by the body toward excretion from the body Large Intestine
the voice box Larnyx
to the side, away from the midline of the body Lateral
tissue that connects bone to bone Ligament
the largest organ of the body, produces bile to assist in breakdown of fats and assists in the metabolism of various substances in the body Liver
the organs where exchange of atmospheric oxygen and waste carbon dioxide takes place Lungs
the lower jaw bone Mandible
the superior portion of the sternum Manubrium
the two fused bones forming the upper jaw Maxillae
toward the midline of the body Medial
the hand bones medacarpals
the foot bones Metatarsals
a line drawn vertically from the middle of the armpit to the ankle mid-axillary line
the line through the center of each clavicle mid-clavicular
an imaginary line drawn down the center of the body, dividing it into right and left halves midline
tissue that can contract to allow movement of a body part Muscle
the system of bones and skeletal muscles that supports and protects the body and permits movement musculoskeletal system
The Nose Bones nasal bones
the area directly posterior to the nose Nasopharnyx
the body system of brain, spinal cord, and nerves that govern sensation, movement, and thought Nervous System
the bony structure around the eyes, the eye sockets Orbits
the area directly posterior to the mouth  oropharynx
referring to the palm of the hand palmar
a gland located behind the stomach that produces insulin and juices that assist in digestion of food in the duodenum of the small intestine pancreas
the knee cap patella
the basin shaped bony structure that supports the spine and is the point of proximal attachment for the lower extremities pelvis
the supply of oxygen to and removal of wastes from the cells and tissues of the body as a result of the flow through the capillaries perfusion
the nerves that enter and leave the spinal cord and travel between the brain and organs without passing through the spinal cord peripheral nervous system
the toe and finger bones phalanges
the area directly posterior to the mouth and nose, it is made up of the oropharynx and nasopharynx pharynx
the study of body function physiology
a flat surface formed when slicing through a solid object Plane
referring to the sole of the foot plantar
the fluid portion of the body that carries blood cells and nutrients plasma
components of the blood, membrane enclosed fragments of specialized cells,A small colorless disk-shaped cell fragment without a nucleus, found in large numbers in blood and involved in clotting. Platelets
the back of the body or body part posterior Posterior
artery supplying the foot, behind the medial ankle posterior tibial artery
lying face down prone
closer to the torso proximal
the medial anterior portion of the pelvis the medial anterior portion of the pelvis pubis
the vessels that carry blood from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs pulmonary artery
the vessels that carry oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart pulmonary veins
the rhythmic beats caused as waves of blood move through and expand the arteries pulse
artery of the lower arm, the pulse of the wrist radial artery
the lateral bone of the forearm radius
lying on the side recovery position
components of the blood that carry oxygen to and carbon dioxide away from the cells red blood cells
the body system that regulate fluid balance and filtration of the blood renal system
the body system that is responsible for human reproduction reproductive system
the process of moving oxygen and carbon dioxide between circulating blood and the cells respiration
the body system of nose, mouth, throat, lungs, and muscles that brings oxygen into the body and expels carbon dioxide respiratory system
shoulder bone scapula
Another name for shock hypoperfusion
the bones of the body skeleton
the layer of tissue between the body and the external environment skin
the muscular tube between the stomach and the large intestine, divided into the duodenum, the jejunum, and the ilieum, which receives partially digested food from the stomach and continues digestion small intestine
an organ located in the LUQ of the abdomen that acts as a blood filtration system and a reservoir for reserves of blood spleen
the breastbone sternum
muscular sac between the esophagus and the small intestine where digestion of food begins Stomach
the layers of fat and soft tissue found below the dermis subcutaneous layers
toward the head superior
lying on the back supine
the pressure created in the arteries when the left ventricle contracts and forces blood out into circulation systolic blood pressure
the ankle bones tarsals
tissue that connects muscle to bone tendon
The chest Thorax
the wing shaped plate of cartilage that sits anterior to the larynx and forms the adam's apple thyroid cartilage
the medial and larger bone of the lower leg Tibia
the trunk of the body, the body without the head and the extremities Torso
the windpipe, the structure that connects the pharynx to the lungs Trachea
a position in which the patient's feet and legs are higher than the head trendelenburg position
the superior and the inferior, which return blood from the body to the right atrium venae cavae
any blood vessel returning blood to the heart vein
the process of moving oxygen and carbon dioxide between inhaled air and the pulmonary circulation of the blood ventilation
the two lower chambers of the heart ventricles
Created by: benzlorenz