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Bella Higher

Bella Higher Human Unit 3 Behaviour

QuestionAnswer
What are the 3 factors that influence the developmemt of behaviour? 1. Maturation 2. Inheritance 3. Environment
Give an example of a behaviour affected by maturation Walking, Talking, using cutlery
Give an examole of an inherited condition that affects behaviour through damage to the nervous system Huntington's Chorea or PKU
Name a process that affects nerves that contributes to maturation of behaviour Myelination
Who has to be studied to discriminate between the effects of inheritance and environment on behaviour? Monozygotic twins reared apart
Give an example of a form of intelligence other than IQ. Musical intelligence, artistic intelligence, kinesthetic intelligence,
What is the importance of infant attachment? It is the long period of dependence on adults that provides a secure environment for learning and social skills.
What individuals are entirely dependent on non-verbal communication? Babies
What is the main benefit of written and spoken communication? It accelerates learning and intellectual development
What is the effect of practise on motor skills? Makes them faster
What is imitation? Learning behaviour through observation
What is positive reinforcement? Rewarding desired behaviour so it becomes established
What is negative reinforcement? The removal of an unpleasant stimulus when the desired behaviour is displayed so it becomes established
Give an example of positive reinforcement in children. Clapping, smiling, gooing when they eat or drink, heap praise on them when are mannerly etc
What is shaping? Rewarding approximations of a desired behaviour until it is established.
Give an example of shaping in children. Rewarding the eventual use of cutlery with praise etc
What word do we use to describe a behaviour which is no longer present. Extinct
What frequency of reinforcement makes a behaviiour less likely to become extinct? Intermittant
What is Generalisation? Responding the SAME way to related but different stimuli
What is Discrimination? Responding in a DIFFERENT way to related but different stimuli.
Give an example of discrimination. After being bitten by a pitbull, not being scared of all dogs
What is Social Facilitation The increase in performance seen in competitive situations or when observed by others.
Deindividuation The loss of personal identity in a group leading to diminished restraints on behaviour.
Identification The changing of beliefs to be like an admired influencing source.
Internalisation The changing of beliefs as a result of persuasion from a trustworthy source.
Motivation The inner drive to succeed.
Carrying capacity The maximum population an area can support.
How has human female fecundity changed over time? Increased
What is fecundity The potential reproductive capacity of an individual or population - (affected by earlier menarche of modern poulations)
Created by: nscobie