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genetics 2

chromosome theory of inheritance the theory that genes are carried fro parents to offspring
genes segmants of DNA found in chromosomes that are passed from one generation to the next
DNA a genetic material that determines inherited characteristics
genetic disorder an abnormal condition that a person inherits through genes or chromosomes
mutations are changes in the DNA of genes of chromosomes. affects genetic info
sex chromosomes determine if your a boy or a girl
hemophilia genetic disorder, slows down the blood clotting after getting cut.
insertation a mutation when an extra base is added to a DNA strand
deletation when a base is left out of the DNA strand
substitution the wrong base is used in a DNA strand
carrier an individual who inherited an altered form of a gene but had no effects or symptoms of that gene or mutation
mutations that dont harm or benefit you eye color, birth marks
mutations that are harmful sickle-cell anemia, down syndrome
mutations that are beneficial immune to malaris and HIV
down syndrome 47 chromosomes instead of 46
cystic fibrosis body pruduces toomuch mucus in the lungs and intesines
sickle-cell disease affects the production of hemoglobin in the blood. causes blocked blood vessels
karyotype a map of all the chromosomes in the cell. the chromosomes ar earanged in pairs
pedigree chart or "family tree" that tracks which members of afamily have that particular trait
selective breeding breeding organisoms with desired traits so that their offspring will have those traits
inbreeding crossing 2 identical organisims for that exact look
hybridization breeding 2 genetically different individuals (2 different species)
genetic engeneering a technique to produce organisoms with desired traits
fertilization the act of fertilizing an egg
Created by: madison_sherer