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atmosphere & winds

QuestionAnswer
IN WHICH LAYER OF THE ATMOSPHERE IS PRESSURE THE GREATEST? TROPOSPHERE
WHAT PROPERTY DETERMINES WHERE ONE ATMOSPHERIC LAYER ENDS AND ANOTHER ATMOSPHERIC LAYER BEGINS? TEMPERATURE
WHAT CAUSES LOCAL WINDS? PRESSURE DIFFERENCES CAUSED BY UNEQUAL HEATING OVER A SMALL AREA
WHAT DO LOCAL WINDS & GLOBAL WINDS HAVE IN COMMON? BOTH ARE CAUSED BY PRESSURE DIFFERENCES THAT ARE CAUSED BY UNEQUAL HEATING
WIND IS ___. THE HORIZONTAL MOVEMENT OF AIR FROM AN AREA OF HIGH PRESSURE TO AN AREA OF LOW PRESSURE
THE TRANSFER OF HEAT WITHIN FLUIDS IS ___. CONVECTION
THE SUN HEATS THE EARTH BY WHICH METHOD OF HEAT TRANSFER? RADIATION
METEOROIDS ARE BURNED IN THE ___. MESOSPHERE
THE MOST PREVALENT GAS IN EARTH'S ATMOSPHERE IS ___. NITROGEN
OXYGEN MAKES UP ___% OF EARTH'S ATMOSPHERE. 21
90% OF ATMOSPHERIC GASES ARE FOUND IN WHICH LAYER? TROPOSPHERE
WHICH GLOBAL WINDS ARE FOUND IN THE UPPERMOST PART OF THE TROPOSPHERE? JET STREAMS
WHAT IS THE "UNEQUAL HEATING" THAT PRODUCES LAND BREEZES AND SEA BREEZES? LAND & WATER HAVE DIFFERENT RATES OF HEATING & COOLING
IN THE DAYTIME, THE WIND AT THE BEACH BLOWS FROM THE ___ TO THE ___. WATER; LAND
LIKE OCEAN SURFACE CURRENTS, GLOBAL WINDS FOLLOW CURVED PATHS DUE TO ___. EARTH'S ROTATION ON ITS AXIS
HOW CAN CLIMBERS DEVELOP ALTITUDE SICKNESS AT HIGH ELEVATIONS EVEN THOUGH THE PERCENTAGE OF ATMOSPHERIC OXYGEN REMAINS 21%? THE AIR IS LESS DENSE AT HIGH ELEVATIONS, SO THERE ARE FEWER OXYGEN MOLECULES IN EACH BREATH.
THE MIXTURE OF GASES THAT MAKE UP EARTH'S ATMOSPHERE IS CALLED ___. AIR
NITROGEN + OXYGEN MAKE UP ___% OF EARTH'S ATMOSPHERE. 99
THE OZONE LAYER IS FOUND IN THE ___. STRATOSPHERE
AS YOU GO HIGHER IN THE ATMOSPHERE, WHAT HAPPENS TO AIR PRESSURE & DENSITY? PRESSURE & DENSITY DECREASE
WHAT CAUSES THE UNEQUAL HEATING THAT PRODUCES GLOBAL WINDS? THE ANGLE THAT SUNLIGHT ENTERS THE ATMOSPHERE (MORE DIRECT AT THE EQUATOR & MORE SPREAD OUT AT THE POLES)
BECAUSE THE EQUATOR RECEIVES MORE DIRECT SUNLIGHT, EQUATORIAL AIR MASSES ARE ___ PRESSURE AND ___ DENSITY. LOW PRESSURE & LOW DENSITY
HOW DOES HEAT TRANSFER WITHIN EARTH'S ATMOSPHERE? CONVECTION
LAND BREEZES & SEA BREEZES OCCUR BECAUSE LAND HEATS UP & COOLS OFF ___ THAN WATER. FASTER
WATER HEATS UP MORE SLOWLY THAN LAND, SO WHY IS THE AIR ABOVE THE WATER WARMER AT NIGHT? WATER HEATS MORE SLOWLY, BUT IT ALSO COOLS OFF SLOWER SO THE WATER IS WARMER THAN LAND AT NIGHT.
THE PROCESSES OF CONVECTION CURRENTS CAN BE SUMMARIZED BY FOUR WORDS: ___ ___ ___ ___ WARMING RISING COOLING SINKING
WHAT IS THE MEASURABLE ADDITIONAL COOLING THAT IS CAUSED BY WIND AND THAT AFFECTS ONLY LIVING THINGS? WIND CHILL (OR WIND CHILL FACTOR)
BECAUSE AIR HAS ___, IT EXERTS PRESSURE. MASS
COMMUNICATIONS SATELLITES AND SATELLITES THAT MONITOR EARTH'S WEATHER ORBIT EARTH IN WHICH LAYER OF THE ATMOSPHERE? EXOSPHERE
WHAT ARE THE 3 KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF GLOBAL WINDS? (1) STEADY WINDS; (2) SPECIFIC PREDICTABLE DIRECTIONS; (3) TRAVEL LONG DISTANCES
WHAT IS THE CAUSE OF EARTH'S GLOBALLY STABLE AVERAGE TEMPERATURES? GREENHOUSE EFFECT
PRIMARY SOURCE OF GREENHOUSE GASES THAT PEOPLE ADD TO THE ATMOSPHERE BURNING FOSSIL FUELS
Created by: cgottlieb
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