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All HOSA Terms

Anatomy the study of the structure of an organism
Cell mass of protoplasm; the basic unit of structure of all animals and plants
Cell Membrane Outer, protective, semipermeable covering of a cell
Centrosome the area of cell cytoplasm that contains two centrioles; important in reproduction of the cell
Chromatin that structure in the nucleus of a cell that contains chromosomes with genes, which carry inherited characters
Connective Tissues body tissue that connects, supports, or binds body organs
Cytoplam the fluid inside a cell; contains water, proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, minerals, and salts
Dehydration insufficient amounts of fluid in the tissues
Edema swelling; excess amounts of fluid in the tissues
Endoplasmic Reticulum fine network of tubular structure in the cytoplasm of a cell; allows for the transport of material in and out o the nucleus and aids in the synthesis and storage of protein
Epithelial Tissue tissue that forms the skin and parts of the secretes glands, and that lines the body cavities
Genes the structures on chromosomes that carry inherited characteristics
Genome the total mass of genetic instruction humans inherited from their parents
Golgi Apparatus that structure in the cytoplasm of a cell that produces, stores, and packages secretions for discharge from the cell
Lysosomes those structures in the cytoplasm of a cell that contain digestive enzymes to digest and destroy old cells, bacteria, and foreign materials
Meiosis the process of cell division that occurs in gametes, or sex cells (ovum and spermatozoa)
Mitochondria those structures in a cell that provide energy and are involved in the metabolism of the cell
Mitosis Process of asexual reproduction by which cells divide into two identical cells
Muscle Tissue body tissue composed of fibers that produce movement
Nerve Tissue body tissue conducts or transmits impulses throughout the body
Nucleolus the spherical body in the nucleus of a cell that is important in reproduction of the cell
Nucleus the structure in a cell that controls cell activities such as growth, development, and health
Organ body part made of tissues that have joined together to perform a special function
Organelles structures in the cytoplasm of a cell, including the nucleus, mitochondria, ribosomes, lysosomes, and Golgi apparatus
Pathophysiology study of how disease occurs and the responses of living organisms to disease processes
Physiology the study of the processes or functions of living organisms
Protoplasm thick,viscous substance that is the physical basis of all living organisms
Stem Cells important cells that can become any specialized cell type needed in the human body
System a group of organs and other parts that work together to perform a certain function
Tissue a group of similar cells that join together to perform a particular function
Vacuoles a membrane-bound organelle which is present in all plant and fungal cells and some protist, animal and bacterial cells
Abuse any care that results in physical harm or pain, or mental anguish
Advance Directives a legal document designed to indicate a person's wishes regarding in care in case of a terminal illness or during the dying process
Agent someone who has the power or authority to act as the representative of another
Civil Law the focus on the legal relationships between people and the protection of a person's rights
Confidentiality not to be shared or told; to be held in confidence, or kept to oneself
Contract to shorten, decrease in size, or draw together; an agreement between two or more persons
Criminal Law the focus on behavior known as crime; deals with the wrongs against a person
Defamation slander or libel; a false statement that causes ridicule or damage to a reputation
Designation of Health Care Surrogate or Durable Power of Attorney a document that permits an individual (known as a principal) to appoint another person (known as an agent) to make any decisions regarding health care if the principal should become unable to make decisions
Ethics principles of right or good conduct
Expressed Contracts stated in distinct and clear language, either orally or in writing
False Imprisonment refers to restraining an individual or restricting an individual's freedom
Informed Consent permission granted voluntarily by a person who is of sound mind and aware of all factors involved.
Invasion of Privacy revealing person information about an individual without his or her consent
Legal authorized based on law
Legal Disability a condition in which a person does not have legal capacity and is therefore unable to enter into a legal agreement (for example, as is the case with a minor)
Libel false written statement that causes a person ridicule or contempt or causes damage to the person's reputation
Living Wills a legal document stating a person's desires on what measures should or should not be taken to prolong life when his or her condition is terminal
Malpractice providing improper or unprofessional treatment or care that results in injury of another person
Negligence failure to give care that is normally expected, resulting in injury to another person
Patients' Rights factors of care that all patients can expect to receive
Privileged Communications all personal information given to health personnel by a patient; must be kept confidential
Slander spoken comment that causes a person ridicule or contempt or damages the person's reputation
Tort a wrongful or illegal act of civil law not involving a contract
Communication process of transmission; exchange of thoughts or information
Competence able, capable
Cultural Diversity differences among individuals based on cultural, ethnic, and racial factors
Dependability capable of being relied on; trustworthy
Discretion ability to use good judgment and self-restraint in speech or behavior
Empathy identifying with another's feelings byt being unable to change or solve the situation
Enthusiasm intense interest or excitement
Goal desired result or purpose toward which one is working
Honesty truthfulness; integrity
Leadership ability to lead, guide, and direct others
Listening to pay attention, make an effort to hear
Nonverbal Communication without words or speech
Patience ability to wait, persevere; capability for calm endurance
Personal Hygiene care of the body including bathing, hair and nail care, shaving, and oral hygiene
Responsibility being held accountable for actions or behaviors; willing to meet obligations
Self-Motivation ability to begin or to follow through with a task without the assistance of others
Stress body's reaction to any stimulus that requires a person to adjust to a changing environment
Time Management system of practical skills that allows an individual to use time in the most effective and productive way
Battery unlawfully touching another person without that person's consent
Assault physical or verbal attack on another person; treatment or care given to a person without obtaining proper consent
Genome the total mass of genetic instruction humans inherit from their parents
Body Planes imaginary lines drawn through the body at various parts to separate the body into sections
Transverse Plane horizontal plane that divides the body into a top half and a bottom half
Superior parts above other parts
Inferior parts below other parts
Cranial body parts located near the head
Caudal body parts located near the sacral region of the spinal column
Midsagittal or Median Plane divides the body into a right and left side
Medial body parts close to the midline or plane
Lateral body parts away from the midline
Frontal or Coronal Plane divides the body into a front section and a back section
Ventral or Anterior body parts in front of the plane, or on the front of the body
Dorsal or Posterior body parts on the back of the body
Proximal body parts close to the point of reference
Distal body parts distant from the point of reference
Body Cavities spaces within the body that contain vital organs
Dorsal Cavity one long, continuous cavity located on the back of the body
Cranial Cavity contains the brain
Spinal Cavity contains the spinal cord
Ventral Cavities separated into two distinct cavities by the dome-shaped muscle (diaphragm)
Thoracic Cavity located in the chest and contains the esophagus, trachea, bronchi, lungs, heart, and large blood vessels
Abdominal Cavity or Abdominopelvic Cavity divided into an upper part and a lower part
Upper Part of Abdominal Cavity the upper part contains the stomach, small intestines, most of the large intestine, appendix, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and spleen
Lower Part of Abdominal Cavity the lower part or pelvic cavity contains the urinary bladder, the reproductive organs, and the last of the large intestine
Orbital Cavity for the eyes
Nasal Cavity for the nose structures
Buccal Cavity or Mouth for the teeth and tonuge
Epigastric above the stomach
Umbilical near the umbilicus or belly button
Hypogastric below the stomach
Hypochondriac below the ribs
Lumbar near the large bones of the spinal cord
Iliac near the groin
Created by: Bubblefan123
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