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Circulatory System

QuestionAnswer
Blood vessel that carries blood to the heart Vein
Blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart Artery
Smallest blood vessel in the body Capillary
Liquid component of blood Plasma
Component of blood that produces clotting Platelets
Component of blood that helps fight infection White blood cells
Component of blood that carries oxygen Red blood cells
How many chambers are in the heart? Four
Name the four chambers Right Atrium, Right Ventricle, Left Atrium and Left Ventricle
Part of heart that divides the chambers into two sides - right and left Septum
Which side of the heart pumps harder? Why? Left side because it has to pump blood all over the body while right side only has to pump blood to lungs.
Blood that is high in oxygen and low in carbon dioxide Oxygenated Blood
Blood that is high in carbon dioxide and low in oxygen Deoxygenated Blood
Name two places in heart where deoxygenated blood enters Inferior Vena Cava and Superior Vena Cava
Name two places where oxygenated blood leaves the heart Descending Aorta and and Aorta
What is the valve between the right atrium and right ventricle? Tricuspid Valve
What is the valve between the right ventricle and pulmonary artery? Pulmonary Valve
What is the valve between the left atrium and left ventricle? Mitral Valve
What is the valve between the left ventricle and the aorta? Aortic Valve
Name the four blood types A, B, AB, O
Which component (part) of blood determines the blood type a person will have? Red blood cells - They have the antigens(proteins)on them
Which antigens are on the RBC's of a Type A person? A antigens only
Which antigens are on the RBC's of a Type B person? B antigens only
Which antigens are on the RBC's of a Type AB person? A and B antigens
Which antigens are on the RBC's of a Type O person? Neither A or B - No antigens present at all
Which blood type can Type A safely receive? A and O
Which blood type can Type B safely receive? B and O
Which blood type can Type AB safely receive? A, B, AB and O
Which blood type can Type O safely receive? O only
Which blood types can Type A give to? A and AB
Which blood types can Type B give to? B and AB
Which blood types can Type AB give to? Only AB
Which blood types can Type O give to? A, B, AB, O
Which blood type is the universal donor? Type O
Which blood type is the universal recipient? Type AB
Deoxygenated blood enters which side of the heart? Right side- it's just been to all parts of the body dropping off O2 and picking up CO2
Oxygenated blood enters which side of the heart? Left side - it's just been to the lungs dropping off CO2 and picking up new supply of O2.
Where does the blood go after it leaves the right ventricle? Out pulmonary valve to pulmonary artery to lungs to drop off CO2 and pick up O2
Where does the blood go after it leaves the left ventricle? Out aortic valve to aorta/descending aorta to all parts of the body to drop off O2 and pick up CO2
The superior (and inferior) vena cava enters this chamber Right Atrium
The pulmonary vein enters this chamber Left Atrium
The blood vessel that brings deoxygenated blood to the heart from your legs and feet Inferior Vena Cava
This chamber pumps blood through the pulmonary valve Right ventricle
This chamber pumps blood through the aortic valve Left ventricle
This blood vessel takes the newly oxygenated blood from the lungs back to the heart Pulmonary Vein
This blood vessel takes the deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs Pulmonary Artery
Blood enters the pulmonary artery from this chamber? Right Ventricle
Color of oxygenated blood Bright red
Color of deoxygenated blood Dark,rusty red
Place where oxygenated blood enters the heart Pulmonary Vein
What type of vessel is the inferior vena cava? A Vein
What type of vessel is the descending aorta? An Artery
Three main parts of the circulatory system are heart, blood vessels and blood
Created by: connie.hambey