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Drugs & Crime

Drugs and Crime Midterm Review

Motion in Limine Motion made before or during a trial requesting a judge's ruling on admissibility of evidence.
spontaneous chatter Refers to the content of the conversation a suspect voluntarily decides to have with an officer.
Types of alcohol: Ethanol (ETOH). Methanol. Isoproponal.
Three phases to a DUI investigation: 1)Vehicle in Motion 2)Contact with the driver (looking for general indicators, articulable facts) 3)Standardized Field Sobriety Testing
Gait Ataxia Drunk-like walk.
What is needed to make an arrest? IASK Intent. Authority. Submission. Knowledge.
judicial comity The mutual acceptance of laws from another state or jurisdiction.
Occam's Razor Method of reasoning that suggests the simplest explanation is likely the right one. “Yes it’s possible, but not probable.”
psycho-physical tasks 1)Walk and turn 2)One-leg stand 3)Romberg test 4)Finger to nose.
MURDERS INC Muscular. Urinary. Respiratory. Digestive. Endocrine. Reproductive. Skeletal. Integumentary. Nervous. Circulatory.
major indicators 1)HGN 2)VGN 3)LOC 4)pupil size 5)pupil reaction to light 6)pulse 7)blood pressure 8)temperature 9)muscle tone
The six sub-categories of CNS Depressants Barbiturates. Non-barbiturates. Anti-anxiety tranquilizers. Antidepressants. Anti-psychotic tranquilizers. Combinations.
The three sub-categories of CNS Stimulants Cocaine. Amphetamine. Others.
The two sub-categories of Hallucinogens Naturals. Synthetics.
The sub-categories of Dissociative Anesthetics No sub-categories
The two sub-categories of Narcotic Analgesic Opiates. Synthetics.
The three sub-categories of Inhalants Anesthetic gases. Volatile solvents. Aerosols.
The one sub-category of Cannabis Naturals.
general indicators (CNS Depressants) Flushed face. Watery eyes. Slurred speech. Gait Ataxia.
general indicators (CNS Stimulants) Bruxism (grinding of teeth). Eyelid tremors. Talkative. Exaggerated reflexes. Anxiety.
general indicators (Hallucinogens) Synesthesia. Hallucinations. Paranoia. Uncoordinated.
general indicators (Dissociative Anesthetic) Moon-walking. HGN onset present at early angle. Blank stare.
general indicators (Narcotic Analgesic) Hippus (irregular dilation of eyes). Ptosis (drooping eyelids). Track marks. Fresh puncture mark.
general indicators (Inhalants) Intense headache. Foul chemical smell. Disorientation.
general indicators (Cannabis) Odor. Vegetable matter on teeth. Burns on fingers. Tongue tincture
Variables of a drug: Dosage. Strength. Duration.
The Four Effects Null effect. Additive effect. Antagonistic effect. Overlapping effect.
Null Effect 0 + 0 = 0
Additive Effect 1 + 1 = 2
Antagonistic Effect (-1) + 0 = 0 or 1 or -1
Overlapping Effect 0 + 1 = 1
CNS Depressant (non-barbiturate) Soma (Carisoprodol)
CNS Depressant (non-barbiturate) Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride
CNS Depressant (non-barbiturate) Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate (GHP)
CNS Depressant (anti-anxiety tranquilizer) Xanax (Alprazolam)
CNS Depressant (anti-anxiety tranquilizer) Librium (Chlordiazapoxide)
CNS Depressant (anti-depressant) Wellbutrin (Bupropion)
CNS Depressant (anti-depressant) Prozac (Fluoxitine)
CNS Depressant (anti-depressant) Zoloft (Sertraline)
CNS Depressant (anti-psychotic tranquilizer) Thorazine
CNS Depressant (anti-psychotic tranquilizer) Haldol
CNS Depressant (combination) Limbitrol
CNS Depressant (combination) Triavil Etrafon
CNS Stimulant (amphetamine) Dexadrine
CNS Stimulant (others) Cylert. Preludin. Ritalin. (CPR)
Hallucinogen (natural) Psilocybin
Hallucinogen (natural) Bufotenine (Bufo Marinus toad)
Hallucinogen (synthetic) MDMA. LSD.
Dissociative Anesthetic Phencyclidine (PCP)
Dissociative Anesthetic Ketamine
Dissociative Anesthetic Dextromethorphan (DXM)
Narcotic Analgesic (Opiates) Morphine. Codeine. Heroin. Hydrocodone. Oxycodone.
Narcotic Analgesic (synthetic) Methadone
Narcotic Analgesic (synthetic) Fentanyl
CNS Stimulant (amphetamine) Benzedrine
CNS Stimulant (amphetamine) Desoxyn
Is HGN present in CNS depressants? Yes
Is HGN present in CNS stimulants? No
Is HGN present in hallucinogens? No
Is HGN present in dissociative anesthetics? Yes
Is HGN present in narcotic analgesics? No
Is HGN present in inhalants? Yes
Is HGN present in cannabis? No
In which three drug categories is VGN present? (Hint: same three where HGN is present) CNS Depressant. Dissociative Anesthetic. Inhalants.
Lack of convergence is present in the same three drug categories as HGN and VGN plus what other category? Cannabis
Pupil size in CNS depressants? Normal
Pupil size in CNS stimulants? Dilated
Pupil size in hallucinogens? Dilated
Pupil size in dissociative anesthetics? Normal
Pupil size in narcotic analgesic? Constricted
Pupil size in inhalants? Normal
Pupil size in cannabis? Dilated or normal.
CNS depressant effects on pulse rate and body temperature? Decreases
CNS stimulant effects on pulse rate and body temperature? Increases
Hallucinogen effects on pulse rate and body temperature? Increases
Dissociative anesthetic effects on pulse rate and body temperature? Increases
Narcotic analgesic effects on pulse rate and body temperature? Decreases
Inhalant effects on pulse rate and body temperature? Increases or decreases.
Cannabis effects on pulse rate and body temperature? Increases pulse, no effect on body temperature.
CNS Depressant (non-barbiturate) Carisoprodol
CNS Depressant (anti-anxiety tranquilizer) Chlordiazapoxide
CNS Depressant (anti-depressant) Bupropion
CNS Depressant (anti-depressant) Fluoxitine
CNS Depressant (anti-depressant) Sertraline
CNS Depressant (anti-anxiety tranquilizer) Chlorpromazine
CNS Depressant (anti-anxiety tranquilizer) Haloperidol
Hallucinogen (natural) Mescaline
Created by: mgonz06