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DNA

TermDefinition
nucleic acid RNA and DNA are this type of DNA biomolecule
nucleotide phosphate, sugar, and base makes up the DNA ladder
deoxyribose the 5-carbon sugar found in DNA
ribose the 5-carbon sugar found in RNA
purines adenine and guanine
pyrimidines cytosine and thymine
adenine (A) bonds with thymine(T) in DNA and bonds with uracil(U) in RNA
thymine (T) this base is only found in DNA and bonds with adenine (A)
cytosine (C) bonds with guanine (C)
guanine (G) bonds with cytosine (C)
uracil (U) this base is only found in RNA and bonds with adenine (A)
base pairing A bonds with T or U and G bonds with C Good Cats Always Together Good Cats Always United
Double helix shape of DNA
hydrogen bonds found between the base pairs and holds the bases together
backbone of DNA phosphate-sugar
semiconservative replication another name for DNA replication in which one old and one new strand is made
DNA replication DNA is copied into 2 identical strands-unzips,base pairs, join nucleotides
Double helix shape of DNA molecule
gene segment of DNA
histones A protein in which DNA coils around
chromosomes contains the genetic information in DNA
DNA Helicase Enzyme that unzips the DNA ladder
DNA Polymerase Enzyme that adds new bases to the replicating DNA
DNA ligase Enzyme that joins the hydrogen bonds between the bases at the end of replication
DNA fingerprint made from gel electrophoresis and used to solve crimes and determine parental relationships
Created by: JMHSBIO