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Human Development

flash cards

Continuity Continual progression from beginning of life to end
Discontinuity Growth occurring in identifiable stages each with distinct problems and characteristics
Independent variables Variables can be changed independently of other factors "cause"
Dependent variables this depends on what happens to subjects in the experiment "effect"
Longitudinal Studying the same individuals over a long period of time
Cross Sectional Comparison of people at various ages
Cross Sequential Combination of longitudinal and cross sectional designs starts with cross with individual of different ages then over time same individual tested again.
Correlation a mathematical statistic indicates whether 2 variables are related to each other.
Positive Correlation one variable changes in same direction as the other.
Negative Correlation 2 variables are inversely related, when one goes up the other goes down.
Causation When change in one variable cause change in another.
Cohort effect Change due to subject times of birth or generation but not actually to age.
Psychoanalytical theory Interprets human behavior and development in terms of intrinsic drives and motives many are unconcious
Reinforcement Term used in operant condition to explain anything that increases behavior.
Punishment Term used in operant condition to explain anything that decreases behavior.
ZPD Zone of Proximal Development Range of skills can be used without assistance vs questions can be obtained with help.
Created by: 381250