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Music EXAM 1

Exam 1

TermDefinition
Motive characteristic musical phrase or fragment that is used as a building block of a musical composition
Octave is the interval between one musical pitch and another with half or double its frequency
Overtone pitch created by the secondary vibrations of a string, air column, and the like; an aspect of the tone color of a voice or instrument
Beat Underlying pulse of the music
Partial specific overtone in a harmonic series that vibrate 2,3,4 etc. times as fast as the fundamental pitch
Harmonic Series sequence of all multiples of a base frequency
Cantus Firmus a fixed melody( Usually a pre-existing melody from chant)
Chords Collection of 3 or more pitches to make a some sort of sound
Conjunct Stepping to a adjacent pitch
Consonance notes that are put together that sounds pleasant
Disjunct Skipping a pitch
Dissonance Notes that are put together to form a displeasing sound
Downbeat First beat of each group/ meter
Dynamics The levels of loudness or softness
Fundamental Pitch The sound vibrating at it's full length
Gregorian Chants Latin texts sang in unison without a specific rhythm or accompaniment( usually part of church service)
Homophonic A musical texture where many notes are being played at once, the notes are moving in the same rhythm, melody and accompaniment
Imitative polyphony Each voice imitates the previous one, playing the same melody but at different pitches
Interval Distance between two different pitches
Melody A set of musical notes that are designed to be sang or played in succession( combination of rhythm and pitch
Meter Grouping of beats
Monophonic music with a single melodic line sound like sound the same and played in unison
Motets Melodies accompanying the chant
Phrase a segment of melody
Polyphony type of texture of melody that is filled with autonomous music
Rhythm Sequence of music in musical time,
Strophic Each of the verse is sang to the same music
Subject Main melody of a fugue
Tempo Number of beats per minute
Texture Consisting of more than one melodic line and adding of different instruments, describes what you hear
Theme Reoccurring/ main melody
Timbre/ Tone Color musical tones of same notes, pitch and rhythm sound different on different instruments
Antiphonal Sung by alternating sides of the choir
Counter Point Putting one note against each other( art of creating simultaneous independent melodies)
Gloria Portion of the ordinary mass
Kyrie The First part of the ordinary mass
liturgy works of music that make up sacred festivals and ceremonies
Mass Central service in the christian church
Melisma Florid melody sung by a single melody
Ordinary Sung by portions of the mass, texts that do not change according to the church calender
Organum style of medieval polyphonic liturgical music
Proper Texts from certain chants of the mass that vary according to the church calender
Sequence Short passage of music that is repeated several times, either at progressively higher or lower notes
troubadour poet/musician in southern france during twelfth and thirteen century composing secular monophonic songs
Syllabic text setting where each syllable has one note
trouvere poet/musician in northern france during twelfth and thirteen century composing secular monophonic songs
Madrigal a polyphonic setting of secular poem in a modern language
Soprano Higher range of female voices
Tenor Higher range of male voices
Alto Lower range of female voices
Bass Lower range of male voices
Point of imitation procedure by which each voice of polyphonic texture enters using the same motive
cadence an effective close of music phrase or statement
Canon An imitative style that is always continuous. voices are always following each other and they sing exactly the same music through out ( Row Row Row your fucking boat)
Neumatic Style of chant or other vocal setting that have two or three notes per syllable
Suspension a means of creating of creating tension by prolonging a constant note by changing the underlying harmony
Cornett Early wind instrument that weirdly resembles a penis
Word painting a musical technique that uses music to make sounds forexample a flute sound could resemble wind blowing
Basso Continuo / Figured Bass music system that of partially improvised accompaniment played on a bass line
Harmony Use of simultaneous pitches and chords to form music
libretto text for a work for musical theatre
Opera kind of a performance where actors sing all the words of a play with music performed by a orchestra
Recitative type of musical delivery where singer uses ordinary rhythms in speech to formulate their music
Toccata Musical form for keyboard instrument consisting of extreme high skill with many chords, high harmonies and rapid runs
Created by: 735983667