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Legal Terms

Legal terms for mock trial

TermDefinition
Acquit When it is decided that an accused person is innocent-not guilty
Admissible This refers to anything a witness says that the jury should be allowed to hear and consider
Bailiff A court official who helps the judge carry out proper procedure
Charge What the accused person is said to have done. Also; to accuse someone of a crime. Also; when the judge tells the jury at the end of the trial what its duty is.
COnvict When it is decided that an accused person is guilty
Cross-Examine When a lawyer questions a witness who has already been questioned by the other side
Defendant the person being accused
Defense The Lawyers who try to prove the defendant is innocent.
Hung Jury A jury must be in complete agreement in order to convict or to acquit. When a jury is unable to agree on a verdict
Incriminate To make someone look guilty of something
Jury Group of voters (~12 people) who decide whether an accused person is guilty or innoccent
Negligence Carelessness; not taking action to prevent something dangerous from happening
Negligent Manslaughter The accidental killing of someone due to another person's negligence and carelessness
Oath The honesty statement required of a person giving a testimony
Objection Overruled What a judge says when they decide to allow a lawyer to ask a question or to let a witness say something that the other lawyer did not want the jury to hear
Objection Sustained What a judge says when they decide not to allow a lawyer to ask a question or not to let a witness say something that the other lawyer did not want the jury to hear
Perjury The crime of lying in court when one has sworn to tell the truth
Prosecution The lawyers who are trying to prove that the defendant is guilty of a charge
Stenograph The person who keeps a written or taped record of all the testimonies given in trial
Taking the fifth A witness refusing to answer a question on the grounds that he might incriminate himself, a right granted in the fifth amendment to the constitution
Testify To say under oath in court what one saw, heard, etc.
Testimony What a person said in a court under oath
Verdict A court'd decision about whether an accused person is guilty or innocent
Witness A person who is called upon in court to give a testimony
Created by: khui4084