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A&P Intro

Nervous System Central and peripheral systems
Muscular System Skeletal muscles that move the body
Skeletal System The skeleton / bones of the body
Endocrine System Glands that secrete hormones
Cardiovascular System Contains the heart, arteries, and veins
Lymphatic System Vessels assisting the veins in recovering the body's tissue fluids and taking them to the heart
Respiratory System Upper and lower respiratory tracts; exchange gases to aid breathing
Digestive System Break down, digestion, and assimilation of food
Urinary System Urinary needs and maintaining balance of body fluids
Buccal Cheek
Carpal Wrist
Dorsal Body Cavity Cranial and spinal cavities
Inferior Away from the head
Superior Toward the head
Homeostatis Body's ability to maintain stable internal conditions even though outside world is changing
Anatomy Study of the structure and shape of the body and their relationships
Physiology Study of the body and how it moves and the parts function
Cells Basic unit of structure
Positive Feedback Mechanism Enhancing the reaction so it continues at a faster rate
Negative Feedback Mechanism Shuts off or slows the reaction
Anatomical Position Standard body position
Effector Provides means for control center response to stimuli
Excretion Removal/ridding of waste
Diaphragm Muscle below lungs that separates thoracic cavity from abdominopelvic cavity
Cranial Cavity Space within skull
Thoracic Body Cavity Includes lungs, heart, and is separated by the ribs. Separated by the diaphragm from the ventral cavity
Sterna Breastbone
Hypogastric Region Inferior to umbilical region
Epigastric Region Superior to umbilical region
Inguinial Region Area where thigh meets trunk; groin
Hypochondriac region contains lower ribs; lateral to epigastric region
Abdominopelvic cavity Abdominal region + Pelvic Region
Organism A group of specialized Organ systems alike in function working together
Organ Systems A group of specialized organs alike in function working together
Organ A group of specialized tissues alike in function working together
Receptor Monitors and responds to changes in the environment
Control Center Analyze information and determines appropriate response
Umbilical Area of the stomach near the belly button
Veterbral Spinal column
Posterior A structure being more in back than another structure
Medial A structure that is closer to the median plane that another structure
Lateral A structure that is further away from the median plane than another structure
Proximal A structure being closer to the median plane or root of the limb than another structure
Intergumentary System the skin
Tarsal Ankle
Pelvic Pelvis
Transverse Plane that divides the body into upper and lower halves or parts
Deep A structure that is further away from the surface
Superficial Structure closer to the surface
Axillary Armpit
Abdominal Abdomen / stomach
Scapular Shoulder blade
Popliteal Back of knee
Gluteal Butt
Tissue Group of specialized cells alike in structure working together
Oral Mouth
Patellar Knee Cap
Occipital Back of head
Reproductive System Child birth and hormones
Digital fingers
femoral thigh
Orbital eye
Nasal nose
Calcaneal Largest tarsal bone (heel of foot)
Inguinal groin
Lumbar Lower back
Distal A structure being further away from the median plane or the root of a limb than another structure
Frontal Same as coronal; a plane that divides the body into front and back parts
Midsagittal/ median Midline longitudinal plane dividing the head and torso into right and left halves
Sagittal Longitudinal plane dividing the head and body into left and right parts (not halves)
Plane Lines of reference that cut the body into parts
Thoracic Contains lungs, heart, and other structures in the chest
Antecubital Front of elbow
Brachial Arm
Anterior A structure being more in front than another structure
Plantar sole of the foot
Metabolism chemical and physical changes occurring in tissue
Spinal Cavity From cranial cavity down to the end of the vertebral column
Cross section Same as transverse; a plane that divides the body into upper and lower halves or parts
Coronal Longitudinal plane dividing the body into front and back halves or parts
Pubic Genitals
Acromial Top of shoulder
Sural Calf
Intermediate Between medial and lateral
Cephalic The head
Ventral body cavity Contains structures within chest/abdomen area
Olecranal Posterior surface of elbow
Coxal Hip
Crural Leg
Cervical Neck
Fibular Lateral leg
Deltoid Shoulder/upper arm
Sacral Posterior pelvis