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American Govt.

Chapter 1

Government the institution through which a society makes and enforces its public polices
public policy All of the things a government decides to do
Constitution where the governments powers are outlined
Types of power Legislative- to make laws Executive- to carry out law Judicial- to interpret law and settle disputes
Divine right power from god
Force whoever has the most power Ex: Dictatorship
Evolutionary as society grows so does the government
Social contract agreement between people and state
Direct democracy people make all the decisions
Indirect democracy people elect others to make decisions for them Ex: United States
Autocracy rule by one
Totalitarianism Dictatorships Ex: Cuba, North Korea
Oligarchy rule by few
Autocracy by birth monarch makes all decisions
Presidential democracy Executive is chosen by the people Ex: United states
Parliamentary democracy Executive is chosen by the legislature Ex: Great Britain
Unitary power held by central government Ex: Great Britian
Confederal Power held by state government Ex: confederacy during civil war
Federal power shared by national and states Ex:USA
Theocracy ruled by religon
Anarchy No government
Worth of individual everyone is important everyone's ideas have value
Equality of all person all people have equal oppotunities
Majority rule, minority rule the will of many determines public polices the majority should be right most times Voice of the minority is important and must be heard
Necessity of compromise need to blend and adjust competing views and interests
Individual freedom importance of individual Balance between a person's freedom and the rights of the group
Free elections with competing political parties people elect their leader need for competition of ideas from which to choose
Created by: rjaniszewski