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Music Test 1 Part 2

From study guide

QuestionAnswer
Dynamics The volume of sound.
Order of dynamics from loudest to softest Fortissimo, Forte, Piano, Pianissimo.
Color (Timbre) Quality of sound produced by a voice or an instrument.
Vocal range Soprano, mezo-sop, alto, tenor, baritone, bass.
Vocal timbre/instrumental timbre Due to the unique vocal chords of each individual/due to the different sizes and shapes of an individual
Instrumental families Strings, woodwinds, brasses, percussion, keyboards.
4 String Instruments Violin (highest pitch), viola (darker, somber), cello (lower, rich expressive tone), double bass (lowest).
Vibrato A controlled wobble in the pitch.
Pizzicato Plucking the string.
Tremolo Loud, rapid repeating the same pitch with the bow.
Trill Alternating between two pitches.
Glissando Running rapidly up and down the strings.
Arpeggio Playing triad notes in succession rather than at the same time.
4 Woodwind Instruments Flute (air blown across sharp edge), clarinet (single reed, smooth sound), oboe (double reed, nasal sound) bassoon (double reed, lowest).
4 Brass Instruments Trumpet, trombone, french horn, tuba.
Monophony Single line of music with no harmony.
Homophony All parts move to new pitches at the same time.
Polophony Two or more independent and equally important lines.
5 forms and corresponding letter diagrams Strophic form (A repeated), theme and variation (A, A1, A2...) binary (A B), ternary form (ABA), rondo (ABC etc)
stophic form - hymn or carol
Created by: whaleydrew