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Anatomy

Cells, Chemistry, and Basic A/P

TermDefinition
PROTEINS CONNECTED TO EACH OTHER BY PEPTIDE BONDS
DNA ENCODE FOR PROTEINS, PROVIDING INFO FOR MAKING PROTEINS, LONG MOLECULES WITH REGIONS CALLED GENES
NUCLEIC ACID CONSIST OF DNA AND RNA
RNA ASSISTS IN IMPLEMENTING GENETIC INFORMATION
DNA REPLICATES ITSELF SO DAUGHTER CELLS CAN EACH HAVE A COPY
NUCLEOTIDES BUILDING BLOCKS OF NUCLEIC ACIDS
SOLUTE EVERYTHING OTHER THAN WATER
TRANSPORT PROTEINS SHIELDS MOLECULES FROM HYDROPHOBIC PORTIONS OF CELL MEMBRANE SPECIFIC FOR THEIR PARTICULAR MOELCULE, OFTEN CONTROLLABLE
EXOCYTOSIS MOVEMENT OUTWARD
ENDOCYTOSIS MOVEMENT INWARD
FLUID MOSAIC MODEL SUGGESTS THAT PLASMA MEMBRANE IS A __________ OF A ________ MOLECULE BILAYER,PHOSPHOLIPID
WHAT IS A TYPE OF SOLVENT? WATER
PINOCYTOSIS CELL-DRINKING
PHAGOCYTOSIS CELL-EATING
ENDOCYTOSIS DIVIDED INTO 2 GROUPS PHAGOCYTOSIS, PINOCYTOSIS
ORGANELLES COMPARTMENTS OF CYTOPLASM OF CELLS ,MANY HAVE MEMBRANE AROUND THEM OTHERS DO NOT PROTECTS FROM INAPPROPRIATE CHEMICAL RXNS BY SEPERATING COMPOUNDS IN THE INTERIOR VS EXTERIOR
NUCLEUS CONTAINS GENETIC LIBRARY WITH BLUEPRINTS FOR NEARLY ALL CELLULAR PROTEINS
CHROMATIN LOOSELY ORGANIZED DNA ASSOCIATED WITH PROTEIN
CHROMOSOME TIGHTLY COMPACTED DNA DURING CELL DIVISION
RIBOSOMES SITE OF PROTEIN SYNTHESIS ATTACHED TO ROUGH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM AND SOME UNATTACHED IN CYTOPLASM
NUCLEOLUS WITHIN THE NUCLEUS CONSISTS OF PORTIONS OF RIBOSOMES BEING SYNTHESIZED
ROUGH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM MANUFACTURES ALL SECRETED PROTEINS AND OTHER PROTEINS DOES NOT CONTAIN RIBOSOMES
SMOOTH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM SYNTHESIZES ALL MEMBRANES OF THE CELLS SYNTHESIZES OTHER LIPIDS, DETOXIFIES HARMFUL SUBSTANCES
GOLGI BODY FUNCTIONS IN THE PROCESSING OF PROTEINS AND SYNTHESIS OF CARBS. RECEIVES PROTEINS VIA VESICLES FROM rER.
MITOCHONDRIA PRODUCES MOST OF THE CELLS ATP VIA AEROBIC CELLULAR RESPIRATION
LYSOSOMES SACS CONTAINING ENZYMES FOR DEGRADATION OF MANY SUBSTANCES
CYTOSKELETON COLLECTION OF PROTEINS DISPERSED WITHIN THE CELL AND IS INVOLVED WITH MANY PROCESSES
CENTRIOLES CYLINDRICAL MICROTUBULES INVOLVED WITH CELLULAR DIVISION
DIFFUSION MOVEMENT OF MOLECULES DOWN ITS CONCENTRATION GRADIENT
MITOCHONDRIA PRODUCES MOST OF CELLS ATP VIA AEROBIC CELLULAR RESPIRATION
CHOLESTEROL AN IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF PLASMA MEMBRANE
THE BASIC STRUCTURE OF THE PLASMA MEMBRANE IS A __________ OF PHSPHOLIPIDS WITH PROTEINS DISPERSED THROUGHOUT IT BILAYER
HYPERTONIC SOLUTIONS THAT CAUSE A NET LOSS OF WATER FROM CELLS
SMOOTH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM TOLERANCE TO HARMFUL SUBSTANCES IS PARTLY ACHIEVED BY MORE EXTENSIVE sER
PHYSIOLOGY STUDY OF THE FUNCTIONS OF THE BODY
ANATOMY SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF THE STRUCTURE OF THE BODY
NEGATIVE FEEDBACK SELF-CORRECTIVE PROCESS WITH A BENEFICIAL EFFECT ON THE BODY
RIBOSOMES ARE SITES OF _____________ PROTEIN SYNTHESIS
NUCLEUS CONTAINS THE GENTIC LIBRARY WITH BLUEPRINTS FOR NEARLY ALL ____________ PROTEINS
NUCLEOTIDES CONSIST OF BASE PENTOSE SUGAR A PHOSPHATE GROUP BONDED TOGETHER
DNA DOUBLE CHAIN OF NUCLEOTIDES WITH BINDING BETWEEN THE 2 STRANDS ACHIEVED BY THE COMPLEMENTARY HYDROGEN BONDING BETWEEN BASES
CHOLESTEROL AN IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF PLASMA MEMBRANE
THE BASIC STRUCTURE OF THE PLASMA MEMBRANE IS A __________ OF PHSPHOLIPIDS WITH PROTEINS DISPERSED THROUGHOUT IT BILAYER
HYPERTONIC SOLUTIONS THAT CAUSE A NET LOSS OF WATER FROM CELLS
SMOOTH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM TOLERANCE TO HARMFUL SUBSTANCES IS PARTLY ACHIEVED BY MORE EXTENSIVE sER
PHYSIOLOGY STUDY OF THE FUNCTIONS OF THE BODY
ANATOMY SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF THE STRUCTURE OF THE BODY
NEGATIVE FEEDBACK SELF-CORRECTIVE PROCESS WITH A BENEFICIAL EFFECT ON THE BODY
RIBOSOMES ARE SITES OF _____________ PROTEIN SYNTHESIS
NUCLEUS CONTAINS THE GENTIC LIBRARY WITH BLUEPRINTS FOR NEARLY ALL ____________ PROTEINS
NUCLEOTIDES CONSIST OF BASE PENTOSE SUGAR A PHOSPHATE GROUP BONDED TOGETHER
DNA DOUBLE CHAIN OF NUCLEOTIDES WITH BINDING BETWEEN THE 2 STRANDS ACHIEVED BY THE COMPLEMENTARY HYDROGEN BONDING BETWEEN BASES
BASES OF RNA ADENINE, GUANINE, CYTOSINE, URACIL
BASES OF DNA ADENINE, GUANINE, CYTOSINE, THYMINE
CELLS BASIC STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONAL UNITS OF LIFE
EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX MATERIAL OUTSIDE OF CELLS
SQUAMOS CELL THIN/FLAT CELLS
CUBOIDAL CELL CUBEISH CELLS
COLUMNAR CELL COLUMN LIKE CELLS
3 MAJOR REGIONS OF A CELL NUCLEUS, CYTOPLASM, PLASMA MEMBRANE
PLASMA MEMBRANE ENCLOSES CELL CONTENTS CONTROLS EXCHANGES WITH EXTRACELLULAR ENVIROMENT PLAYS ROLE IN CELLULAR COMMUNICATION
BASIC STRUCTURE OF PLASMA MEMBRANE BILAYER PHOSPHOLIPID WITH PROTEINS
FLAGELLA LONG PROTEIN STRUCTURE WHICH MOVE AND ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR MOTILITY OF SPERM
CILIA STRUCTURES WHICH MOVE AND CAUSE SUBSTANCES OUTSIDE OF CELL TO MOVE
MICROVILLI DO NOT MOVE AND INCREASE SURFACE AREA OF CELLS
VARIOUS PROTEINS THAT FUNCTION IN PLASMA MEMBRANE ENZYMES, RECEPTORS, CELL IDENTIFIERS, ADHESION MOLECULES, TRANSPORTERS OF SUBSTANCES
ACTIVE TRANSPORT REQUIRES USE OF MEMBRANE PROTEINS AND ATP OFTEN CALLED "PUMPS" USED TO MOVE A SPECIFIC SUBSTANCE TO THE SIDE THAT ALREADY HAS THE GREATER CONCENTRATION
PASSIVE TRANSPORT TRANSPORT PROTEINS EXSIST AS CHANNELS OR CARRIERS DOESNT REQUIRE ATP USES CHANNELS AND CARRIERS
4 TYPES OF PASSAGE OF MOLECULES DIFFUSION, OSMOSIS, TRANSPORT, VESICLE
DIFFUSION DOES NOT USE ATP AS LONG AS THEIR IS A CONCENTRATION GRADIENT, MAY OR MAY NOT INVOLVE PLASMA MEMBRANE, CO2 AND O2 GO RIGHT THRU THE MEMBRANE THROUGH THIS METHOD
OSMOSIS DIFFUSION THAT INVOLVES WATER AND MEMBRANE MOVES FROM SIDE OF HIGHER WATER CONCENTRATION TO LOWER WATER CONCENTRATION AS SOLVENT NOT SOLUTE
VESICLES USES ATP, MANY MOLECULES TRANSPORTED A 1 TIME MEMBRANE "SACS" ARE MADE FILLED WITH MOLECULES THEN TRANSPORTED IN/OUT OF A CELL. BOTH CELL AND SAC FUSE TOGETHER BECAUSE THEY HAVE A PLASMA MEMBRANE
CAN CHANGE THE SHAPE OF PROTEINS TEMP, PH, TOXINS, CHANGE IN AMINO ACID
PROTEINS USUALLY FOLD TO FORM A 3-DIMENSIONAL SHAPE
PROTEINS BASIC STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL MOLECULES OF TH BODY
PROTEINS MADE UP OF A SPECIFIC SEQUENCE OF VARIOUS AMINO ACIDS
PHOSPHOLIPID MODIFIED TRIGLYCERIDES SUCH THAT A PHOSPHORUS CONTAINING GROUP THAT REPLACES 1 FATTY ACID CHAIN
PHOSPHOLIPID MAKES UP CELL MEMBRANES AND ARE MODIFIED TRIGLYCERIDES
TRIGLYCERIDES CONSISTS OF GLYCEROL AND 3 FATTY ACIDS BONDED TOGETHER
CHOLESTEROL ESSENTIAL COMPONENT OF CELL MEMBRANES
STEROLS IN LIPID GROUP COMMUNICATION, (HORMONES)
PHOSPHOLIPIDS MAKES CELL MEMBRANES
TRIGLYCERIDES MAIN FUNCTION FOR LONG TERM ENERGY STORAGE
WHAT ARE CLASSIFIED AS TRIGLYCERIDES, PHOSPHOLIPIDS, AND STEROLS LIPIDS
EXAMPLE OF MONOSACCAHARIDE GLUCOSE
EXAMPLE OF DISACCAHRIDES SUCROSE, TABLE SUGAR
EXAMPLE OF POLYSACCHARIDE GLYCOGEN IN LIVER
POLYSACCHARIDE LONG CHAINS OF SIMPLE SUGARS BOUND TOGETHER
DISACCHARIDE UNION OF 2 MONOSACCHARIDE
GLUCOSE IMPORTANT MONOSACCHARIDE IN THE BODY
CARBOHYDRATES MONOSACCHARIDES BUILDING BLOCKS
CARBOHYDRATES CELLULAR FUEL SHORT TERM ENERGY STORAGE AND STRUCTURE
GROUP THAT INCLUDES SUGARS AND STARCHES CARBOHYDRATES
BIOCHEMISTRY INVOLVES ORGANIC COMPOUNDS WHICH MAKE UP THE MOLECULES OF LIFE
LIFE MOLECULES MOLECULES THAT HAVE A CARBON AND HYDROGEN BACKBONE
INORGANIC CHEMISTRY STUDY OF ALL COMPOUNDS EXCEPT CARBON AND HYDROGEN
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY STUDY OF COMPOUNDS CONTAINING CARBON AND HYDROGEN
IONS CHARGED VERSIONS OF ATOMS
UNBOUND ATOM NEUTRAL SAME # OF PROTONS AND ELECTRONS
AN __________ HAS A NEG CHARGE EQUAL IN STRENGTH TO POS CHARGE OF A ___________ ELECTRON, PROTON
BASIC COMPONENTS THAT MAKE UP ATOMS POSITIVELY CHARGED PROTONS IN NUCLEUS, NEUTRAL NEUTRONS IN NUCLEUS, NEGATIVELY CHARGED ELECTRONS IN ORBIT AROUND THE NUCLEUS
ATOMS INDIVIDUAL PARTICLES OF AN ELEMENT
EXAMPLES OF ELEMENTS CARBON HYDROGEN SODIUM
ELEMENT UNIQUE TYPE OF SUBSTANCE WHICH CANNOT BE BROKEN DOWN BY ORDIANRY CHEMICAL METHODS
ELECTRONS ESTABLISH BONDING OF ATOMS
WHAT IS THE IMPORTANCE OF PROTONS? DETERMINES THE TYPE OF ATOMS
COMPOUND ATOMS OF DIFFERENT ELEMENTS BIND TOGETHER
MOLECULE ATOMS OF THE SAME ELEMENT BIND TOGETHER
ADDITIONAL ELECTRON SHELLS CAN HAVE HOW MANY ELECTRONS 8 OR MORE
ELECTRON SHELL 2 IS FILLED WITH HOW MANY ELECTRONS 8
ATOMS FORMS BONDS BETWEEN EACH OTHER IN ATTEMPTS TO HAVE THEIR OUTERMOST ELECTRON SHELL FILLED WITH ELECTRONS
ISOTOPES VARIANTS OF ATOMS THAT DO NOT HAVE THE USUAL # OF NEUTRONS THEN DECOMPOSE SPOTANEOUSLY INTO STABLE FORM,RADIOACTIVE DUE TO THEIR DECAY
ANION IONS THAT GAINED ELECTRONS AND THEREFORE ACQUIRED A NET NEGATIVE CHARGE
CATION ION THAT LOST ELECTRONS AND THEREFORE ACQUIRED A NET POSITIVE CHARGE
WHAT IS THE UNIVERSAL SOLVENT WATER
IN BLOOD PLASMA CARRIES NUTRIENTS RESPIRATORY GASES AND METABOLIC WASTES WATER
HYDROGEN BOND LIGHTLY BOND SOME MOLECULES TOGETHER AND ALSO MAY HELP TO CREATE A 3D SHAPE WITHIN 1 MOLECULE
HYDROGEN BOND MANY TOGETHER ARE STRONG BUT WEAKER THAN COVALENT AND IONIC BONDS
HYDROGEN BOND BONDS THAT RESULT FROM THE POLARITY CAUSED BY POLAR COVALENT BONDS
POLAR COVALENT BOND SLIGHT POSITIVE CHARGE IN ONE REGION AND SLIGHT NEGATIVE CHARGE IN ANOTHER REGION
ELECTRONEGATIVITY DIFFERENT ATOMS HAVE DIFFERENT ATTRACTIONS FOR ELECTRONS
POLAR COVALENT BOND WHEN ELECTRONS ARE BEING SHARED UNEQUALLY
NONPOLAR COVALENT BOND BOND WHERE ELECTRONS ARE SHARED EQUALLY
COVALENT BONDS FORM BETWEEN ATOMS WHEN ELECTRONS ARE SHARED
CELLULAR LEVEL WHEN THE RIGHT LEVELS OF MOLECULES COME TOGETHER IN THE RIGHT WAY
MOLECULAR LEVEL DEVELOPS WHEN THE RIGHT KINDS OF ATOMS COME TOGETHER IN THE RIGHT WAY
TISSUES WHEN MULTIPLE CELLS WITH COMMON FUNCTIONS COME TOGETHER
1ST STRUCTURES THAT ARE ALIVE CELLS
PHYSIOLOGY CAN BE EXPLAINED BY CHEMCIAL AND PHYSICAL PRINCIPALS, MOSTLY OCCURS AT CELLULAR OR MOLECULAR LEVEL
DEVELOPMENTAL ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHANGES THAT OCCUR IN THE TIME SPAN BETWEEN BIRTH THRU OLD AGE
HISTOLOGY STUDY OF TISSUES
WAYS TO EXAMINE THE HUMAN BODY VISUAL, PALPATION, AUSCULTATION, DISSECTION, EXPLORATORY SURGERY, MEDICAL IMAGING, CYTOLOGY, HISTOLOGY
POSITIVE FEEDBACK MECHANISM WHICH ADDS TO THE CHANGE OCCURING
NEGATIVE FEEDBACK MECHANISM OPPOSES A CHANGE OCCURING, USUALLY USED BY THE BODY TO KEEP IT IN HOMEOSTASIS
ORGAN SYSTEM GROUP OF ORGANS WORKING TOGETHER FOR RELATED FUNCTIONS
ORGANS PERFORM GENERALIZED FUNCTIONS COMPOSED OF AT LEAST 2 TISSUES
HOW DOES A COVALENT BOND DIFFER FROM AN IONIC BOND? ELECTRONS IN A COVALENT BOND ARE SHARED
EXAMPLE OF POSITIVE FEEDBACK LABOR DURING PREGNANCY
NEGATIVE FEEDBACK A RESPONSE BY THE BODY THAT IS IN THE OPPOSITE DIRECTION TO A CHANGING PARAMETER
SALTS IONIC COMPOUND FORM CRYSTALS IN THE DRY STATE BUT DISSOCIATE INTO INDIVDUAL IONS WHEN PLACED IN WATER
HOMEOSTASIS OCCURS WHEN INTERNAL CONDITIONS ARE KEPT WITHIN NARROW LIMITS BY EFFORTS OF THE BODY
FACILITATED DIFFUSION MOVEMENT THROUGH A MEMBRANE AND REQUIRES A MEMBRANE PROTEIN AND FAVORABLE CONCENTRATION
OSMOSIS SPECIAL CASE IN WHICH WATER MOVES THRU A SELECTIVELY PERMEABLE MEMBRANE
Created by: dnuculovic