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Foundations Exam 1

D& L 1-3 and C&J 1-6

Florence Nightingale considered the founder of modern nursing
Florence Nightingale became a nurse over the objections of society
Florence Nightingale became active in reforming health care
Florence Nightingale opened the Training School of Nurses at St. Thomas’s Hospital in London in 1860
Florence Nightingale had always been interested in relieving suffering and caring for the sick
Amelia Greenwald considered a catalyst for international public health nursing
Adah Belle Thoms first to recognize public health as a field of nursing
Adah Belle Thoms campaigned for equal rights for black nurses in the American Red Cross and Army Nurse Corps
Isabel Hampton Robb emphasized the role of the nursing student as learner instead of employee
Isabel Hampton Robb called for shorter working hours
Isabel Hampton Robb early supporter of the rights of nursing students
Linda Richards introduced the practice of keeping nurses’ notes and physicians’ orders as part of the medical record
Martha Franklin the only African American graduate of her class at Women’s Hospital Training School for Nurses in Philadelphia
Martha Franklin first person to advocate equality in nursing
Deborah the first nurse to be recorded in history. Deborah, referred to as a nurse, accompanied Rebekah when she left home to marry Isaac
The Goldmark report Identified the major weakness of hospital-based training programs as that of putting the needs of the institution before the needs of the student
The Institute of Research and Service in Nursing Education report resulted in the establishment of practical nursing under Title III of the Health Amendment Act of 1955
Service learning: an educational method that uses community services with explicit learning objectives, preparation, and intentional reflective activities
Empowerment: the process of enabling others to do for themselves
Clara Barton Founder of the Red Cross
Harriet Tubman Known as Conductor of the Underground Railroad
Louisa May Alcott Authored nurses' contributions during the Civil War in Hospital Sketches
Florence Nightingale Founder of organized nursing
Lillian Wald Founder of public health nursing
Dorothea Dix Organized military hospitals during the Civil War
Sojourner Truth African-American nurse known for abolitionist efforts
Julie O. Flikke Superintendent of the Army Nurse Corps
Mary Breckenridge Founder of the Frontier Nursing Service
Mary Seacole Jamaican nurse who was refused the right to work with Nightingale
Clinical Nurse Leader (CNL) A master's degree-educated RN who assumes accountability for client care outcomes through the assimilation and application of research-based information to design, implement, and evaluate client plans
Roman Catholic Church Became a central figure in the organization and management of health care during the Middle Ages.
The Pennsylvania Hospital was the first hospital built in the United States
The Community Mental Health Centers Act of 1963 provided funds for the construction of outpatient mental health centers.
Medicare reimbursement led to an increase in hospitalizations and home health services in the 1960s.
DRG reimbursement led to hospitals' being forced to increase efficiency and more closely manage the patient's length of stay.
Managed care is focused on providing more preventive and primary care
Hill Burton Act marked the largest commitment of federal dollars to health care in the country's history.
State Boards of Nurse Examiners in 25 states adopted the State Board Test Pool in 1945
Major issues for nursing in the twenty-first century are __, __, __, __, and __. access, cost, quality, safety, accountability
Rosemarie Parse began her work to create a theory grounded in the human science that would enhance nursing knowledge and later refined her theory.
Joyce Travelbee extensively developed the ideas of sympathy, empathy, and rapport in which the nurse could begin to comprehend and relate to the uniqueness of others.
According to Martha Rogers, nursing is a learned profession: a science and an art.
The medical model centers on the individual and is easily adaptable in varied clinical situations.
Florence Nightingale thought a person’s health was the direct result of environmental influences, specifically __, __, __, __, & __. cleanliness, light, pure air, pure water, and efficient drainage.
theory: a set of related concepts and propositions that provides an orderly way to view phenomena.
paradigm: a particular viewpoint or perspective.
Virginia Henderson viewed the nursing role as helping the client from dependence to independence.
A grand theory is composed of concepts representing global and extremely complex phenomena.
Metaparadigm: the unifying force in a discipline that names phenomena of concern to that discipline
Levine’s principles of conservation includes energy, structural integrity, personal integrity, and social integrity.
Discipline: a field of study
Nursing research: the systematic application of formalized methods for generating valid and dependable information about the phenomena of concern to the discipline of nursing
Created by: SanityInQuestion