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Neurological Disorde

TermDefinition
Monoamine oxidase (MAO) is an enzyme that degrades _______ after it binds to its receptor site. -Epinerphrine **** Effects are prolonged
Epinephrine (Adrenaline) is : -Fight or flight; sympatheic nervous system (part of the Autonomic nervous system)
Acetylcholinecsterase is an enzyme that degrades ______ after it binds to its receptor site. acetylcholine ***Not reused, effects are shortlived.
Central nervous system: -Brain and Spinal Cord
Peripheral nervous system: -Nerves that branch off the spinal cord and go to the body -Autonomic nervous system
Nerves talk to muscle/organs via an: -Electrical impulse
In order to have an electrical impulse, you need _______ in the bloodstream that can travel to the: -Electrolytes in the bloodstream that can travel to the nerve. Sodium, potassium, calcium, magneisum
Nerves are comprised of nerve cells (neurons) they have 3 parts: -Dendrite -Cell Body -Axon (covere in myelin sheath)
Neurons don't touch, they're separated by a: -Synapse-contains neurotransmitters
If impluses do not transmit it can cause: -Stroke, brain damage, seizure, spinal cord injury, -Neuritis, Neruagalgia - ALS< Multiple Sclerosis - Myasthenia Gravis.
Autonomic nervous system: -Sympathetic nervous system (fight or flight) -Parasympathetic nervous system (rest and digest)
In order to have an electrical impulse, you need _______ in the bloodstream that can travel to the: -Electrolytes in the bloodstream that can travel to the nerve. Sodium, potassium, calcium, magneisum
Nerves are alive cells that need _____,_____, and _______ delivered to them in order to function: -Oxygen, glucose, and elecrolytes
Nerves are comprised of nerve cells (neurons) they have 3 parts: -Dendrite -Cell Body -Axon (covere in myelin sheath)
When impulses reaches the end of one neuron it releases ______ into the ________: -Neurotransmitters into the synapse.
If impluses do not transmit it can cause: -Stroke, brain damage, seizure, spinal cord injury, -Neuritis, Neruagalgia - ALS< Multiple Sclerosis - Myasthenia Gravis.
Neruron is the: -Cell of the nervous system (Nerve)
Neuropathy is: -Inflammation or degeneration of thte peripheral nerves *Diabetic Neuropathy
Compartment syndrome: -Sever compression of nerves and blood vessels when an extremity is too swollen or a cast is too tight.
Mental Status Exam (MSE) is a test to perform to determine: -Cognitive functioning
Innervation is the distribution or suppply of: -Nerve fibers or nerve impulses to an area.
Neurotransmitter is a chemical released fro the end of one _______neruon into the ______ to communicate to another neron or to the muscle or organ by attaching to a ______ : -neuron, -synapse, -receptor site.
Nerve Impulse is the signal (electrical impulse) sent from the _______ to the spianl cord to the_______ to the organs/muscles.: -Brain to the spianl crod to the neres to the organs/muscles.
Paresthesias is: Numbness and tingling-
Numbness and tingling- -Fight or flight; sympatheic nervous system (part of the Autonomic nervous system)
Monoamine oxidase (MAO) is an enzyme that degrades _______ after it binds to its receptor site. -Epinerphrine **** Effects are prolonged
Reuptake is where _____ goes through a process called _____ where it is ______ for later, after it binds to its _______: -Epinerphrine goes through a process called reuptake, where it is reused, after it binds to its receptor site.
Serotonin: -Helps control mood
Dopamine: -Inhibitory effect on movement; cotnrols movement; helps stop movemnt
Acetylocholine: -Rest or digest; get back to normal; makes movement; parasympathetic nervous system (part of the Autonomic nervous system)
Created by: 1018417924