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HCC 2008 Respirations

Respiration is the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the lungs
comprised of two cycles inhalation and exhalation
normal respiration eupnea
eupnea has... an even, regular pattern, requires no effort
number of breaths per minute is the respiratory rate
normal adult breaths about... 12-10 times per minute
the relationship btw pulse and respiratory rates is __ to __ in healthy people 1 to 4
Factors Affecting Respiration age and gender (resp rates increase w/age, male movements come primarily from diaphram, females use intercoastals more) stress (sighing resp. and increase rate) medications (might increase of slow rate) enviro/altitude, excercise, fever, body position
Characteristics of Respirations rate, depth (normal, shallow, deep) rhythm (irregular, regular) quality (normal should be effortless and quiet)
dyspnea difficulty breathing
tachypnea rapid greater then 20 breaths per minute
hyperpnea increase depth of breath
apnea absence of breathing
Cheyenne Stokes alternating episodes of apnea and hyperpnea on continuum, usually seen in the critically ill
Created by: jaed008
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