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Chapter 18-20 Vocabulary

Domestication the process of training and breeding animals for use by humans
Communism a system of governmetnin which the government controls the means of production, determining what goods will be made, how much workers will be paid and how much items will cost
Eurasia the name some geographers suggest should be used for the landmass of europe and aisa
Inland Sea a sea that is almost completely surrounded by land
Tundra a dry treeless plain where temperatures are always cool or cold and only specialized plants can grow
Taiga thinly scattered coniferous forests found in europe and aisa
Steppe a temperate grassland found europe and aisa
Multiethnic composed of many ethnic groups
Ethnic Group people who share such things as culture language and religion
Acid Rain rain whose high concentration of chemicals usually from industrial pollution, pollutes water kills plants and animal life and eats away at the surface of stone and rock; a form of chemical weathering.
Infant Mortality the number of children per 1000 live births who die within the first year
Maternal Mortality the number of women who died due to pregnancy and child birth complications per 10000 live births
Life Expectancy the number of years an indicidual is expected to live as determined bystatiscs
National Identity a peoples sense of what makes them a nation
Ghetto a section of a city in whihc a particular minority group is forced to live
Holocaust the execution of 6 million jews in the nazi concentration camps during WWII
Velvet Revolution a revolution without bloodshed which took place in Czechoslovokia during the late 1980s
Privatization the process of selling government-owned industries and buisness to private owners
Collective Farm a government owned farm managed by workers who share the profits form their produce
Balkanize Tlo break up into small mutually hostile political units, as occurrd in the balkans after ww1
Entrepreneur A go getter indivjdual who starts and builds a buisness
Multiplier Effect The effect an investment has in multiplying related jobs throughout the economy
Annex To formally incorperate into a country or state the territory to another
Diversity To increase the variety of
Chernozem A rich topsoil found in the russian steppes and other mid-lattitudes grasslands
Permafrost A layer of soil just below the earths surface that stays permenantly frozen
Czar An emperor of Russia
Abdicate To surrender ones ofice throne or authority
Soviet In the former Soviet Union any one of various governing councils
Command economy An economic system that is controlled by a single central government
Glasnost A policy of openness introduced in the soviet union in the kate 1800s
Perestrokia In the former soviet union a policy of economic reconstructing
Ruble The currency of russia
Black market The system of selling goods and services outside of official channels
Created by: michelleguevara



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