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Anxiety - convulsant

Nursing pharm, drug category by key points

QuestionAnswer
Librium, valium, Xanax, Klonopin, Ativan, Buspar, -pams Antianxiety: CNS depressants, monitor use for abuse, taper dose to DC
Amphojel, MOM, Maalox, aluminum hydroxide, Titralac, Calcium carbonate Antacid: work systemically, bowel addiction, give 1 hr after meal, 2 hrs after other meds, decreases birth control
Gentamicin/garamycin, neomycin, streptomycin, tobramycin/ tobrax, Amikin, amikacin ABX/ Aminoglycosides: Ototoxic, nephrotoxic, high risk for anaphylaxis, assess CN VIII, encourage fluids
Keflex/ Cephalexin, Ceclor/ cefaclor, Rocephin, Maxipime, -cef ABX Cephalosporins:R/O bleeding, bone marrow suppression, take w food, cross allergy w penicillins, encourage fluids, VIT K for thrombophlebitis
Ciprofloxacin / Cipro, Levofloxacin / Levequin, Norfloxacin / Noroxin ABX/ Fluroquinolones: Photosensitivity, achilles tendon rupture, can be potentiated w probenecid, 3L/day fluids
Vacomycin / Vancocin ABX/ Glycopeptides, thrombocytopenia, nephrotoxic, ototoxic, IV peak 5 minutes, duration 12-24hrs, Call MD if sore throat, fever, fatigue
Clindamycin/ Cleocin ABX/ Lincosamides, Liver toxicity, take w water to prevent esophageal ulcers
Erythromycin/ erythrocin, Azethromycin/ Zithromax ABX/ Macrolide: Confusion, hepatotoxic, prophylaxis for dental treatment, potentiates coumadin, thephylline
Amoxicillin/ Amoxil, Omnipen, Unipen, penicillins ABX/ Penicillins: cross allergy to Cephs, highest risk for rxn, Stomatitis
Sulfisoxazole/ Gantrisin, Sulfasalazine/ azulfidine, Trimethoprim/ Bactrim, Septra ABX/ Sulfonamides: Peripheral neuropathy, Crystalluria, proteinuria, photosensitivity, take w food, stomatitis
Doxycycline/ vibramycin, minocycline/ minocin, Tetracycline/ Panmycin ABX/ Tetracycline: Sunburn type rxn, expiration toxic! discolors teeth, nephortoxic
Cogentin, artane, atropine, belladonna, propantheline bromide, Scopolamine Anticholinergic: No see, No Pee, No spit, No shit, HypoTN, Increased HR, give 30 min achs, or 2hr pc
Heparin, Lovenox Anticoagulant: PTT: 1.5 - 2.5 x control. 20-45 seconds, never give IM, antidote Protamine sulfate within 30 mintues
Warfarin, Coumadin Anticoagulant: PT: 9.5 - 12 sec, INR 2.0-3.5, antidotes Vit K. Therapeutic 13-18. No ASA, NSAIDS, Garlic, ginger, ginko.
Klonopin, Clonazepam, diazepam, cerebyx, Dilantin, Phenytoin, luminal, mag sulfate, depakote, valporic acid, Keppra Anticonvulsant: Dampen CNS/ resp! gingival hypertrophy, aplastic anemia, taper dose, dedicated port, mouth care, sweat may turn red, pink, do not take with carbonated drinks, cardiac arrest if fast admin
Mag sulfate Anticonvulsant: Assess DTR/ resp arrest, used in OB preeclampsia, assess knee DTR prior to every dose
Created by: vickyv